A blog dedicated exclusively to issues concerning historic Macedonia and the fight against Skopian pseudo-makedonism.
Ιστοσελίδα αφιερωμένη σε θέματα που αφορούν στην ιστορική Μακεδονία και στον αγώνα εναντίον του Σκοπιανού ψευδομακεδονισμού.
The Chronicle of Serres was written by the priest Synadinos (Papasynadinos / Παπασυναδινός) who lived in Serres, a city of Macedonia, in Northern Greece, during the first half of 17th century. We know very few things about Papasynadinos. He was born in the village Melenikitsi, ten kilometers north of Serres, where he settled in 1615. He became a priest in 1622 and he started to write his chronicle in 1642,when he sought refuge in his village due to the deadly plague that had hit the whole Ottoman empire since 1641. We do not know the exact date of his death, but it was for sure not prior to 1646, since his name is mentioned in a document of the monastery of St John the Baptist near Serres dating from that year.
The chronicle covers the years 1598-1642 and it resembles the Byzantine chronicles. It is written in the vernacular Greek of the era. Papasynadinos uses many Turkish loanwords that were in the vernacular of the regional dialect of Serres at that time and many dialectical peculiarities as well. It’s considered as a source of valuable informations for the life of the enslaved Greeks during the Ottoman time, their relations with the Ottomans and all the oppresion and acts of violence they suffered by the later. We can find also informations for the function of the institutions of the local self-government in Greece under Ottoman rule and the organization of the Orthodox church. The author uses the Byzantine calendar that was introduced by the Sixth Ecumenical Council of Constantinople and numbers the years from the beginning of the world (date of creation) or 5508 BC. The chronicle was discovered by Spyridon Lambros in the monastery of Koutloumousion in Mt. Athos in the last years of 19th century.
A copied page from Papasynadinos’ original manuscript which is kept today in the Athonite monastery of Koutloumousion
It starts with a (lament) for the capture of Constantinople by the Ottomans, a very popular topic for Greek folk poetry in the first years of post-Byzantine era.Some scholars doubt whether Papasynadinos was the real author of this ,due to the many differences between it and the main text of the chronicle.There is also a close morphological affinity between this and the one that wrote in 1618 the bishop of Myres (in Asia Minor) Mathaeus (it was published in 1672).
We can see in this that the ethnic names and were used interchangeably by Papasynadinos(or the real author) while the Greeks never applied the name to the other Christian nations of the Balkans:
The chronicle has also been studied by Turkish historians,since it is a good first hand account of the Ottoman administration in the Balkans.The pages below are from by Fikret Adanır and Suraiya Faroqhi,2002: