Sunday, May 30, 2010

MISSING THE TRAIN TO EUROPE: How Gruevski's pseudomakedonism condems FYROM to misery and underdevelopment

English:
Reaction from Brussels to FYROM's European perspective
By: Tanja Milevska 29/05/2010

The EU is accountable to its taxpayers, therefore, if FYROM proves that as a country it no longer treats the EU as a priority, the European Commission and Member States may in the future decide to withdraw investment of financial and human resources to FYROM, because they are needed in other places where their government's interest in the EU is increasing.

This serious and possibly final warning by the EU came from senior diplomatic sources in Brussels just days after the poll published in "Dnevnik" and the favorable government reactions to the same results.

As for the Prime Minister's statement that the EU has a false sense of FYROM's commitment to Europe, Brussels seeks to find proof in acts by his government that it will finally start working on reforms, to be assessed in the autumn report.

For now, the situation is very bad. As things stand, FYROM will receive a negative evaluation report. Brussels is seriously concerned about the judiciary, corruption, partisan public administration, threats to the lives of journalists and the general lack of media freedom, a senior diplomatic source in Brussels told A1.

As for the statement by Vice Naumovski that FYROM expects the negotiations for the name and the negotiations for access into the EU to proceed along a parallel path, diplomats think that the idea is celestial, unless Naumovski has some obviously privileged channels of communication with the Greek government and has received assurances that Papandreou of Greece will accept it.

Otherwise, as far as Brussels is concerned, such a scenario is inconceivable. EU urged the Skopian authorities not to forget what happened in Bucharest, 2008.

Diplomats once again address the results of the poll in "Dnevnik". If citizens think that accession into EU and NATO is possible without a solution to the name, they are in error and they are being successfully manipulated. The reality is that without a compromise with Greece, entry into the EU and NATO will not happen.

Additionally, Gruevski and his team will need as quickly as possible to explain to the public why they are giving up on the EU. Brussels is of course reminding us here that it has many other priorities around the world (besides FYROM).

Cлавомакедонски:
Реакции од Брисел за македонските европерспективи
Тања Милевска
29.05.2010

Европската Унија е одговорна пред своите даночни обврзници, поради тоа, доколку Македонија се покаже како земја која повеќе не ја третира ЕУ како приоритет, Европската Комисија и земјите членки би можеле во иднина да одлучат да ги повлечат финансиските и човечките ресурси кои ги вложува во Македонија, бидејќи се потребни и на други места каде владиниот интерес за ЕУ е поголем.

Ова сериозно и можеби последно предупредување доаѓа од високи дипломатски извори во Брисел само неколку дена по објавената анкета во „Дневник“ и рамнодушните реакции на власта кон резултатите на истата.

Изјавата на Премиерот дека ЕУ има погрешни чувства за европската заложба на Македонија, Брисел бара да ја докаже на дело со тоа што неговата влада конечно ќе почне да работи на реформите кои треба да бидат оценети во есенскиот извештај.

За сега, ситуацијата е многу лоша. Како стојат работите, Македонија ќе добие негативна оцена во извештајот. Брисел е сериозно загрижен за судството, корупцијата, партизацијата на јавната администрација и заканите по животите на новинарите и генерално недостатокот од медиумска слобода, изјави за А1 висок дипломатски извор во Брисел.

Што се однесува до изјавата на вицепремиерот Наумовски дека Македонија сака паралелно решавање на името и преговори со ЕУ, дипломатите оценуваат дека идејата е вонземска, освен се разбира доколку Наумовски располага со привилегирани канали на комуникација со грчката влада па добил некакви гаранции од папандреу дека Грција ќе прифати такво нешто.

Инаку, колку што е Брисел запознат, такво сценарио е незамисливо. ЕУ бара од македонските власти да не заборават што се случи во Букурешт 2008-ма.

Дипломатите уште еднаш се осврнуваат на резултатите од анкетата во „Дневник“: Ако граѓаните мислат дека членството во ЕУ и НАТО е возможно без решение за името, тие се во заблуда и биле успешно изманипулирани. Реалноста е дека ЕУ и НАТО без компромис со Грција нема.

И тоа Груевски и неговиот тим ќе треба час поскоро да и го објаснат на јавноста или да се откажат од ЕУ. Секако Брисел има и други приоритети низ светот, потсетуваат овде.


Ελληνικά:
Βρυξέλλες: Αυστηρή προειδοποίηση προς Σκόπια
29 Μαίου, 2010
Mετάφραση: Γιώργος Εχέδωρος
http://echedoros-a.blogspot.com/2010/05/blog-post_2101.html

«Η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση είναι υπόλογος προς τους φορολογούμενούς της, αν οι Σκοπιανοί δεν αντιμετωπίζουν την ΕΕ ως προτεραιότητα, η Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή και τα κράτη μέλη θα μπορούσαν μελλοντικά να αποφασίσουν να αποσύρουν τους οικονομικούς και ανθρώπινους πόρους που έχουν επενδύσει στην πΓΔΜ»

Αυτή η σοβαρή και ίσως τελευταία προειδοποίηση ανακοινώθηκε από ανώτερη διπλωματική πηγή των Βρυξελλών, γράφει σήμερα το απόγευμα το σκοπιανό Α1, λίγες μόλις ημέρες μετά τη δημοσκόπηση που δημοσιεύθηκε στην εφημερίδα «Dnevnik» που τα αποτελέσματά της ωθήθηκαν από τις θέσεις της κυβέρνησης των Σκοπίων.


«Η Βρυξέλλες έχουν μια ψευδή αίσθηση της δέσμευσης του Πρωθυπουργού ότι η πΓΔΜ επιδιώκει να ενταχθεί στην ΕΕ αφού δεν γίνονται μεταρρυθμίσεις στη χώρα και οι οποίες θα μπορούσαν να εκτιμηθούν σε έκθεση το φθινόπωρο» σημειώνει το Α1.

«Η κατάσταση προς το παρόν είναι πολύ άσχημη. Όπως έχουν τα πράγματα η πΓΔΜ θα λάβει μια αρνητική αξιολόγηση, γράφει το σκοπιανό δημοσίευμα και τονίζει ότι οι Βρυξέλλες ανησυχούν σοβαρά για την δικαστική εξουσία, τη διαφθορά, τη μεροληπτική δημόσια διοίκηση, τις απειλές κατά της ζωής των δημοσιογράφων , η παντελής έλλειψη ελευθερία των μέσων ενημέρωσης» δήλωσε προς το σκοπιανό κανάλι Α1 διπλωματική πηγή στις Βρυξέλλες.

Όσον αφορά τη δήλωση του αναπληρωτή πρωθυπουργού , Ναουμόβσκι, για παράλληλη επίλυση του ονόματος της χώρας και των διαπραγματεύσεων με την ΕΕ, οι διπλωμάτες πιστεύουν ότι η άποψη αυτή είναι ‘ουράνια’, εκτός βέβαια, σημειώνει το δημοσίευμα, αν ο Ναουμόβσκι έχει προνομιακούς διαύλους επικοινωνίας με την ελληνική κυβέρνηση, ώστε να λάβει εγγυήσεις από τον Παπανδρέου ότι η Ελλάδα αποδέχεται ως έχει την πΓΔΜ.

Οι Βρυξέλλες, ωστόσο, γνωρίζουν ότι ένα τέτοιο σενάριο είναι αδιανόητο. Η Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση παροτρύνει την σκοπιανή κυβέρνηση να μην λησμονεί τι συνέβη στο Βουκουρέστι το 2008.

Οι διπλωμάτες για ακόμη μια φορά, σύμφωνα με τα αποτελέσματα της δημοσκόπησης στην εφημερίδα «Dnevnik», τονίζει το Α1, ότι βρίσκονται σε λάθος δρόμο αν πιστεύουν ότι η χώρα θα ενταχθεί στην ΕΕ και το ΝΑΤΟ χωρίς την επίλυση της ονομασίας της χώρας. Είναι μια λανθασμένη αντίληψη που χειραγωγήθηκε από την κυβέρνηση. Η αλήθεια είναι ότι χωρίς την έγκριση της Ελλάδας δεν είναι δυνατή η ένταξη σε ΕΕ και ΝΑΤΟ.

Και ως κατακλείδα του δημοσιεύματος σημειώνεται τα εξής:

«Ο κ. Γκρουέφσκι και η ομάδα του θα πρέπει το συντομότερο δυνατό να εξηγήσουν στο λαό γιατί εγκαταλείπει την ένταξη στην ΕΕ».


Σχετικό: Δημοσκόπηση της εφημερίδας "Dnevnik": http://echedoros-a.blogspot.com/2010/05/blog-post_7515.html

The Pella Katadesmos - Presentation at the 64th Pammacedonian Convention, Chicago, May29th, 2010

Ο Κατάδεσμος της Πέλλας. Ομιλία-παρουσίαση από τον ερευνητή και αναλυτή κ. Μάρκο Τ. στο 64ο Συνέδριο της Παμμακεδονικής, Σικάγο 29 Μαϊου 2010. Το περιεχόμενο της ομιλίας είναι αυθεντική έρευνα που είχε πρωτοπαρουσιαστεί από τον Θεσσαλονικιό ερευνητή σε ομιλία του στις 30 Οκτωβίου του 2009, σε γλωσσολογικό συνέδριο γιά την Αρχαία Ελληνική γλωσολογία, στο Πανεπιστήμιο του Σικάγου (UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, DEPARTMENT OF LINGUISTICS - NINTH BIENNIAL CONFERENCE ON GREEK LINGUISTICS). Τίτλος της παρουσίασης είναι: Hellenic Migrations and Katadesmos - A Paradigm of Macedonian Speech.





Το πλήρες κείμενο βρίσκεται στην ιστοσελίδα της Παμμακεδονικής:
http://www.panmacedonian.info/Katadesmos.pdf
Μ.Η.Μ.

64o Συνέδριο Παμμακεδονικής - Σικάγο, 28-29 Μαίου 2010

64th Panmacedonian Association Convention - Chicago, 28th-29th May, 2010



































Note: At the request of some of the participants whose Macedonian activism on occasion brings them to that bastion of Balkan democracy and human rights called FYROM and who asked that their photographs remain unmarked and anonymous, I intentionally refrained from naming the persons shown above.
M.E.B.

Saturday, May 29, 2010

Macedonian names and makeDonski pseudo-linguistics: The case of the name Pyrrias

Miltiades Bolaris
Article originally published in the American Chronicle, Dec. 28, 2009
http://www.californiachronicle.com/articles/view/134329


Balkan Illusion - phantasia archaica:

"...it is very interesting to note that many of the authentic ancient Macedonian words, according to their etymology and pronunciation, have a striking resemblance to the appropriate words used in the modern Macedonian language (and other so called "Slav"[sic] languages). "Pyri(as). The root of this name could be connected to the noun "pir" (merriment). The name Piri is present in todays' Macedonian onomasticon." Quote taken from: "Similarities between ancient Macedonian and today's' Macedonian Culture (Linguistics and Onomastics)" by Aleksandar Donski, celebrity historian from FYROM.


Pyrias/ Πυρίας/Pyrrias/Πυρρίας

In his "Dictionary of Classical Mythology", Sorbonne professor Pierre Grimal gives us a beautiful story from the Greek Mythology. It is an ancient myth about a boatman, named Pyrias/Πυριας:
"Pyrias was a boatman from Ithaca who took pity on an old man captured by pirates. The old man was carrying vessels full, apparently, of pitch. These jars later came into the possession of Pyrias who realized that under the pitch they contained jewels and treasures. In his gratitude Pyrias sacrificed an ox to his unknown benefactor. From this came the proverb : "Pyrias is the only man to have sacrificed an ox to his benefactor.""
Pyrrias was not a very common Greek name, but at the same time it was not exclusive to any part of Greece either. We find this name from Peloponnesus to Macedonia and from Sicily to the Hellenistic East.
Pyrias of the aforementioned myth was from Ithaca, Ulysses' island, but a more flesh and bone Pyrrias appears in the historical record. It was in the year 401BC, right after the battle of Cunaxa. He was an Arcadian from central Peloponnese. He was stranded, like all the other myriad (10 thousand) Greek mercenaries, in the midst of Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) then part of the huge and powerful Persian Empire. The Greek Mercenaries had been in the pay of Cyrus who had revolted against his brother, the king of Persia, Artaxarxes. In the Cunaxa battle Cyrus was killed, leaving his Greek mercenaries stranded deep inside enemy territory. When their military leaders from their Spartan general Clearchos down to the most junior officers were massacred in a treacherous banquet plot where king Artaxerxes had invited them the situation for the Greek rank and file hoplites became desperate.
In the midst of the night, with Persian arrows harassing them on top of the hill where they had gathered to defend themselves, they started to resign to fatalism considering their imminent doom. Xenophon, an Athenian former student of Socrates, found words to encourage and instill into them valor and determination. Then they did what no other people in their time would have even dreamed of: they organized and held elections among themselves. They elected their own leaders, starting from petty officers, up to company captains, and eventually to generals. They became a democratic army of free men, a military assembly on the move. They sliced their way through the Persian empire via what is now Kurdistan (then the land of the Karduchoi/Καρδούχοι, as Xenophon calls them, with steel and determination, moving north, until they finally reached the Black Sea, the Euxine Pontus: Thalatta! Thalatta! / The Sea! The Sea!, they exclaimed in jubilation, as the Pontus meant to them one thing: Greek cities lining the coast, where they would be welcome and they would find supplies to survive. But the Persians still harassed them, and they had to defend themselves every mile of the way:
ἐκ τούτου οἱ μὲν ἥσυχοι προῆγον, ὁ δὲ τρεῖς ἀφελὼν τὰς τελευταίας τάξεις ἀνὰ διακοσίους ἄνδρας τὴν μὲν ἐπὶ τὸ δεξιὸν ἐπέτρεψεν ἐφέπεσθαι ἀπολιπόντας ὡς πλέθρον· Σαμόλας Ἀχαιὸς ταύτης ἦρχε τῆς τάξεως· τὴν δ᾽ ἐπὶ τῶι μέσωι ἐχώρισεν ἕπεσθαι· Πυρρίας Ἀρκὰς ταύτης ἦρχε· τὴν δὲ μίαν ἐπὶ τῶι εὐωνύμωι· Φρασίας Ἀθηναῖος ταύτηι ἐφειστήκει.
Ξενοφώντος, Κύρου Ανάβασις, 6.5.11
Beyond this point some advanced quietly, while he, withdrawing the rear-guard battalions, two hundred men strong each, allowed the one to the right flank to follow the main body by a distance of one plethron (100 feet). Samolas the Achaean was the leader of this taxis. The one to the center he placed to a position following them. Pyrrias the Arcadian was leader of it. And the one to the left flank was commanded by Phrasias the Athenian.
Xenophon, Anabasis, 6.5.11
A more famous (or infamous) Pyrrias is the Aetolian general who led the Aetolian army, aided by Romans legions, into the first battle of Lamia, which was fought in 209BC between the forces of Philip V of Macedon and the Aetolians. Pyrrias lost to Philip V two battles in that engagement. His name incidentally is alternatively also spelled in Roman letters as Pyrrhias, to account for the pronunciation of the Greek double "rr", though in the Greek original the spelling is still Πυρρίας.
Two centuries earlier, in the 5th century BC, on a poetic elegiac funerary epitaph written in the Aeolian dialect and found in Thessaly, we hear of a hard working Thessalian peasant who, instead of emigrating to a faraway place, stayed and cultivated his land, dying in an old age, happy, rich and content:

μνᾶμ´ ἐμὶ Πυριάδα {Πυρριάδα}, ℎὸς οὐκ ε̄̓π̣ί̣-
στατο φεύγε̄ν ἀλ´ {ἀλλ´} αὖθε πὲρ γᾶς τᾶσδε
πολὸν {πολλὸν} ἀριστεύο̄ν ἔθανε. (IG IX, 2, 270)
A monument I am of Pyrias {Pyrrias} who never
thought of leaving but here on this land
he died excelling over most
Regions : Central Greece (IG VII-IX) : Thessaly (IG IX,2) , SEG 40:473, Thessalia (Thessaliotis) — Grammatiko— ca. 475-450 BC — IG IX,2 270, l. 1
Remaining in Thessaly, we read another inscription, scribed by a husband on the tomb of his wife:
Πυρ<ρ>ίας Ἐπιγόνην τὴν
ἰδίαν γυναῖκα μ<ν>είας χάριν.
Pyrrias to Epigone his
own wife in her memory
Regions : Central Greece (IG VII-IX) : Thessaly (IG IX,2)
IG IX,2 1311, Perrhaibia — Azoros: Elasson — date?

South of Thessaly, and closer to Athens, by Boeotia, a short inscription on a funerary plaque gives us the name of the deceased and the customary Greek greeting of the dead to the passing by living:

Πυρίας
χαίρε.

Pyrias
Greetings!
IG VII 1371, Megaris, Oropia, and Boiotia (IG VII)

On an Athenian marble plaque we read:
Πυρρίας
Πύρρου
Ἡρακλεώτης.
Pyrrias
Son of Pyrros
From Heracleia
Regions : Attica (IG I-III) : Attica
IG II² 8772, Att. — Athens: Akr. — s III a

In the Panhellenic oracle of Delphi the name Pyrrias is found on more than a few inscriptions. On an inscription of a decree that has been saved in full, we find the names of two persons named Pyrrias, one being a councilman of the city of Delphi (and the oracle) and another being a priest of Apollo. In the beginning of the decree we read:
ἄρχοντος Τιμοκρίτου τοῦ Εὐκλείδ[α, μηνὸς Δα]ιδαφ[ορ]ί-
ου, βουλευόντων τὰν πρώταν ἑξάμην[ον Πυρρία] τοῦ Ἀρχελά-
ου, Σωτύλου τοῦ Τιμοκλέος, γραμματε[ύον]τος δὲ Κλεοδά-
μου τοῦ Πολυκράτεος…
During the archonship (presidency) of Eucleidas, in the month of Daidaphori-
on, when Bouleutes (councilmen) for the first six months were Pyrrias son of Archela-
os, Sotylos son of Timocles, and Secretary was Cleoda-
tos son of Polycrates…

Then, further down on the same inscription at the end of the decree we read:
…μάρτυροι· οἱ ἱε-
ρεῖς τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος Ἄρχων, Ἄθαμβος, καὶ οἱ
ἄρχοντες Σω[τύ]λος, [Πυρρ]ίας, Ἀτ<ε>ισίδας, Πασί-
ων, [․․․․]λος, Αἰακίδας, Βαβύλος, Νικάρετος
witnesses: the priests
of Apollon: Archon, Athambos and the
archons Sotylos, Pyrrias, Atesidas, Pasi-
on, [….]los, Aiakidas, Babykos, Nikaretos

Regions : Central Greece (IG VII-IX) : Delphi
FD III 2:212, Phokis — Delphi — 138 bc


Across from Hellas, Central Greece, on the island of Euboea we find yet another Pyrrias:

[Π]υρρίας
χρηστός.
Pyrrias
a good citizen

Regions : Aegean Islands, incl. Crete (IG XI-[XIII]) : Euboia (IG XII,9)
IG XII,9 886, Euboia — Eretria

Further south, on the island of Crete and in the city of Lato, we find a sepulchral epigram from the second century BC where such names as Kleonymos, Nemonios, Lydos, Mnastocles, Stasagoras and Kypelos are mentioned. Among them we encounter the name Pyrias Serapionos/ Πυριας Σεραπιωνος/ Pyrias son of Serapion:
Χαρισθένης Κοστύλω, Νεμονήιος Λύδω,
Πυρίας Σαραπίωνος, Κύπελος Ἰσχόλα,
Μναστοκλῆς Λαττύγω, Ἀγάκλυτος Στασαγόρα,
Charisthenes son of Kostylos, Nemoneios son of Ledos
Pyrias son of Sarapion, Kypelos son of Ischylas
Mnastokles son of Latygos, Agaklytos son of Stasagoras
Crete : Crete, Ctr.: Lato Olous: Sta Lenika, BCH 1938:389,1
(Portrait of a Polis: Lato Pros Kamara (Crete) in the Late Second Century B. C., by Martha W. Baldwin Bowsky © 1989 American School of Classical Studies at Athens).
On the other side of Crete, by the modern village of Kantanos, west of Chania, another inscription reads:
Πυρρίας ⋮ Πυρρία
Ὑπερβάλλωνος ⋮ Μενεκάρτην.
Pyrrias son of Pyrrias,
the son of Heperballon, to Menecartes
Regions : Aegean Islands, incl. Crete (IG XI-[XIII]) : Crete
IC II vi 7, Crete, W. — Kantanos — III/IIa.
We sail to the other side of the Aegean Sea, to the Ionian city of Colophon where an honorary decree is describing how the city bestowed citizenship rights and other honors to a man who was originally from Sinope (now Sinop, in northern Turkey) a city on the Pontus, the Black Sea:
… ἐπειδὴ
Πυρρίας Μητροδώρου Σινωπεὺς μετο[ι]-
κῶν ἐν τῆι πόλει …
…because
Pyrrias son of Metrodoros from Sinope living as a metoi-
kos (alien resident) in the city…
Regions : Asia Minor : Ionia, Kolophon 5
Honorary decree of demos of Kolophon for metic Pyrrhias
Metrodorou of Sinope; IV7e; found at Değirmendere: *AJP 1935, pp.
377-9, no. III. Ionia — Ephesos(?) — Kat.23 — AJP 1935, 377-79, no. III

On another part of ancient Greece, in the island of Sicily, we encounter another inscription with the name:
Πυρρί[α] {Πυρρί[ας]}.
Pyrria {Pyrrias}
Regions : Sicily, Italy, and the West (IG XIV) : Sicily, Sardinia, and neighboring Islands, IGASMG II 56, Sikelia — Gela — ca. 450 BC — SEG 29.874
We cross the Mediterranean Sea and in the Greek city of Hermoupolis in Egypt we ecounter this inscription:
Μίθρωνος παῖδες
ἦλθον εἰς τὸ ἱερόν,
οἷς ὀνόματα·
Πυρρίας,
Μένων,
Γρῖπος,
Νίκανδρος,
Σφήξ,
Ἀντίφιλο(ς)
Κλεώνυμος
Mithron´s children
came into the holy temple
their names are
Pyrrias
Menon
Gripos
Nikandros
Sphex
Antiphilos
Cleonymos

Regions : Egypt, Nubia and Cyrenaïca : Egypt and Nubia, SEG 8:623
Egypt— Hermoupolis M. (El Ashmūnein) — c.300-250 ac — SB 3.6306
Finally, we go north to Paeonian Macedonia, to the Paeonian city or Bargala, now in FYROM, and we read the inscription:
Πυρρίας εὐ[χήν]
Pyrrias (offering) a prayer/vow
Regions : Northern Greece (IG X) : Macedonia , SEG 44:515
Makedonia (Paionia) — Bargala (Dolen Kozjak) — 2nd/3rd c. AD — ZPE 101 (1994) 144, 8
In the same area, another Greek inscription, written several hundred years before the 7th cAD influx of the Slavic tribe of the Smoljani who colonized that area of Macedonian Paeonia, speaks of a Pyrrias, who was the son of a man with a similar, almost identical name: Pyrreios/Πύρρειος.
Πυρρίας ∙ Πυρρείου ∙ εὐξάμε-
νος ∙ ἀνέθηκα ∙ εὐτυχῶς ∙
Pyrrias son of Pyrreios having
vowed I offered for good luck
Regions : Northern Greece (IG X) : Macedonia
Spomenik 77 (1934) 72,2 Spomenik 77 (1934) 58,62 Spomenik 98 (1941-48) 20,46,1
Makedonia or Thrace — Kočani — date? — Spomenik 98 (1941-1948) 308, 79 (ph.) — cf. Papazoglou, Les Villes de Macédoine (1988) 88, n. 40
Further south, a votive description from what is now the Bulgarian city of Sandanski but in ancient times the city of Parthicopolis Sintica, proclaims:
Κλήμης Πυρρίου ἀ[ρχιερεὺς]

τῶν Σεβαστῶν βου̣[λευτὴς ἐκ]
τῶν ἰδίων ἐποί[ησεν — —]
ἔτους̣ η̣[—ʹ].
Clemes, son of Pyrrias, chief priest
of the Sebastoi (the respected Gods), a councilman
using his own (funds) created/erected this
on the year 8…
Regions : Northern Greece (IG X) : Macedonia
IGBulg IV 2267 Previous Inscription IGBulg IV 2266 IGBulg IV 2268 Next Inscription
Makedonia (Sintike) — Parthikopolis (Sandanski) — date?
DFinaly, a funerary stela awaits us at the Odomantike province of Macedonia, by the modern city of Serres/Serrai, in northern Greece:
Πυρρίας κα[ὶ Θελξι(?)]-
θόη, Συντύχῃ τῇ [θυ]-
γατρὶ μνήμης χάρι[ν].
ἔτους ελσʹ, Ὑπερβερεταίου.
Pyrrias and Thelxi-
thoe along with Tyche (Fortune) to their
daughter in her memory´s grace
On the year 536 during the month Hyperberetaios
Regions : Northern Greece (IG X) : Macedonia , Dodone 18 90
Makedonia (Odomantike) — Serrai: Melenikitsi, NE of — 204 AD — Historia tes poleos Serron (1967) 278, 472 — SEG 30.601

Having sailed around the Mediterranean, in search of Greek men named Pyrrias, we once again go back to Greek literature to find the name Pyrrias in one of Menander´s comedies. Menander/Menandros/Μένανδρος is the 4th cBC (342–291 BC) Athenian dramatist, and student of Theophrastus (who in turn was a student of Aristotle). Theophrastos was the one who instructed him in poetry and philosophy. Menandros was possibly the best representative of what has been termed the New Comedy. The Athenian people, in appreciation, erected Menandros´ statue by the theater of Dionysos, just below the Acropolis. In his Dyscolos/Δύσκολος, (translated as the Grouch, or the Misanthrope – the exact translation from the Greek means "the difficult one"), was found in a well preserved papyrus in Egypt and was brought out into the public eye in 1957.
On line 71 of Dyscolos we read Sostratos speaking of a certain Pyrrhias, a slave in Sostratos' house:
(ΣΩΣΤΡΑΤΟΣ) ὄρθριον
τὸν Πυῤῥίαν τὸν συγκυνηγὸν οἴκοθεν
ἐγὼ πέπομφα–
(ΧΑΙΡΕΑΣ) πρὸς τίνα;
(ΣΩΣΤΡΑΤΟΣ) αὐτῶι τῶι πατρὶ
ἐντευξόμενον τῆς παιδὸς ἢ τῶι κυρίωι
τῆς οἰκίας ὅστις ποτ' ἐστίν.
(SOSISTRATOS) Early this morning
I myself sent Pyrrhias, who had gone hunting with me,
from home —
(KHAIREAS). To whom?
(SOSISTRATOS) To the father himself
of the girl ... to meet him, or the head
of the household, whoever it is.
Then on line 81 Pyrrias himself, the slave, enters the stage:
ΠΥΡΡΙΑΣ
πάρες, φυλάττου, πᾶς ἄπελθ' ἐκ τοῦ μέσου•
μαίνεθ' ὁ διώκων, μαίνεται.
(Σω) τί τοῦτο, παῖ;
(Πυ) φεύγετε.
(Σω) τί ἐστι;
(Πυ) βάλλομαι βώλοις, λίθοις•
ἀπόλωλα.
(Σω) βάλλει; ποῖ, κακόδαιμον;
(Πυ) οὐκέτι
ἴσως διώκει;
(Σω) μὰ Δία.
(Πυ) ἐγὼ δ' ὤιμην.
(Σω) τί δαὶ
λέγεις;
(Πυ) ἀπαλλαγῶμεν, ἱκετεύω σε.
(PYRRIAS) Let me through, watch out, everybody get out of the way.
He's crazy, the guy who's chasing me, crazy.
(SOSISTRATOS) What's this, boy?
(PYRRIAS) Run away.
So. What is it?
(PYRRIAS) Dirt, stones ... thrown at me.
I'm done for.
(SOSISTRATOS) Thrown at you? Where? You're crazy.
(PYRRIAS) He isn't still
chasing me?
(SOSISTRATOS) By Zeus.
(PYRRIAS) But I thought he was.
(SOSISTRATOS) What
are you saying?
(PYRRIAS) Let's get out of here, I'm begging you.
Dyscolos was written and performed in Athens in 316 BC. This is about a thousand years before any of the Slavic tribes established a foothold in the lower Balkans.
Even earlier than that, roughly twelve hundred fifty years before the arrival of the South Slavs, a ceramic Arhyballos vase was painted, immortalizing a prize given to a great Corinthian dancer. It is a charming piece of art, painted in the black-figure (Melanomorphos) Corinthian technique practiced in most of Greece and in Corinth at the time. Its photograph is in the beginning of this article. It shows a group of dancers dancing in front of their music teacher. It is has an inscription on it, written boustrophedon (left to right and then right to left, alternating), in the peculiarly archaic Corinthian alphabet. It is dated to around 580-575 BC. It is apparently informing us of who won the dancing competition that year:
ΠΟΛΥTΕΡΠΟΣ - ΠΥΡFΙΑΣΠΡΟΧΟΡΕΥΟΜΕΝΟΣΑΥΤΟΔΕFOΙΟΛΠΑ
Πολύτερπος - Πυρfίας προχορευόμενος αυτώ δε fοι όλπα
Polyterpos : Pyrrias leading the choros and to him alone the olpa

To the left is ΠΟΛΥTΕΡΠΟΣ/Polyterpos, the dance and music teacher, playing the diaulos flute.
Then we see ΠΥΡFΙΑΣ/Πυρfίας/Pyrrias, ΠΡΟΧΟΡΕΥΟΜΕΝΟΣ/dancing at the front ΑΥΤΟ ΔΕ FOΙ to him alone, ΟΛΠΑ / the Olpa (oil flask, used by athletes to carry the oil used for cleansing in their gymnasium exercises). At this archaic stage of Greek writing the letter digamma "F" (double "Γ" gamma), was part of the Greek alphabet and was pronounced roughly as "W" in German. From the Greek alphabets of Southern Italy it eventually entered the Roman alphabet as F, and it still exists in most Latin based European alphabets. In Greece itself it gradually disappeared from most Greek alphabets due to changes in oral pronunciation. In its place it left only a trace in the form of the later appearing double "r" , which matched the double "rr" pronunciation:
ΠΥΡFΙΑΣ- ΠυρFιας-Pyrwias-Πυρριας/Pyrrias

Having followed the name of Pyrrias, from Myths to its documentation in funerary and votive inscriptions throughout the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern Hellenic world, and from Athenian theater to the Archaic Corinthian visual Arts, we come full circle to the meaning of his name:
In ancient Greek we find the word Pyridromos / Πυρίδρομος the Firetrailer which was one of Zeus' prosonyms. Pyra/Πυρά is the place where the fire is lit, the pyre, while Pyria/Πυρία is the steam bath, the ancient Greek version of Sauna, where water was thrown on rocks that had been burned in fire and then placed on a ceramic dish in the middle of a tight space, usually a tent, to create steam. Pyrigenes /Πυριγενης is the one born of fire and Pyrhoo / Πυρόω means to burn and the Spartan Fire-dance was called Pyricheios/Πυρίχειος. These are all fire-related words, from the Greek word for fire: Pyr/Πύρ.
We have all the human sympathy in the world for the pitiful predicament in which the professional history falsifiers from Skopje (in the Former Yugoslav Republic that wants to claim for itself the name Macedonia) are in. They desperately try to turn history and linguistics on their head and make a Balkan circus out of the truth in their attempt to present black as white and day as night. Trying to convince the world with arguments like: "Pyri(as). The root of this name could be connected to the noun "pir" (merriment). The name Piri is present in todays' Macedonian onomasticon", is plainly laughable.
These arguments can easily convince some ill-educated, narrow-minded VMRO party cadre who has been fed Yugoslavic-Makedonski propaganda since kindergarten. It can also convince the hard-core converts to "Greater Makedonija" irredentism in the Slavomakedonijan coffeehouses of Toronto or Sydney. They are not convincing anyone else, not anyone serious and educated anyway, and for sure not even their authors. I explain: Someone who is standing on solid ground does use words like "could be" when making an argument such as "this name COULD BE connected". You simply say: "this name IS connected". When you know that you are right you do not mince your words and you do not use words like maybe, would, possibly, or could. When someone is lying, on the other hand, he needs to make rounds and rounds to weasel himself out of the hole he has dug himself into, joyfully pretending to act merry and jolly, as if participating in a party, a "pir", a "merriment". When you speak the truth there is no need for dance and song. All you need to do is simply state the facts and bring your documentation to the table.
Now back to Pyr/Πύρ. The Indo-european root word *pe'h2ur (Pokorny: peu̯ōr) means: fire. *Pe'h2ur gives us the Armenian word for fire Hur, the Hittite word Pa-ah̯-h̯ur, the East Asian Tocharian A word for fire Por and the Tocharian B word Puwar, the old Czech word Púř, the Italic Umbrian word Pir, the Greek word Pyr, from which Pyrrias is derived but also the Germanic words Fiur, Fúrr, and Fyr from which the Old English word Fȳr and the modern English word for Fire are derived.
Πυρρίας/Pyrrias (or in Latin spelling Pyrrhias, also found spelled as ΠυρFίας/PyrFias and Πυρίας/Pyrias) is, as we have amply proven above, a very well attested Greek name which means "The One of Fire". Other Greek names of fire-pyr-related etymology, with the same or similar meaning are: Πυρρίχιος/Pyrichios, Πύρριχος/Pyrichos, Πύριχος/Pyrichos, Πυρίχη/Pyriche, Πύρων/Pyron, Πύρρα/Pyrra, Πύρρος/Pyrros/Pyrrhos, Πυρρᾶς/Pyrras, Πυρραῖος/Pyrraios, Πυρίδας/Pyridas, and also in combination with other words we also find: Πύρρανθος/Pyranthos, Πυρόμαχως/Pyromachos, Πυρϝαλίων/PyrFalion, Αἰγιπύρας/Aigipyras, Πυρβαλίων/Pyrbalion, Ζώπυρος/Zopyros, Ζωπυρίων/Zopyrion, Ζωπυρείνα/Zopyreina, Ευπυρίδης/Eypyrides, Pyrimachos/Πυρίμαχος and Πυροφόρος/Pyrophoros, among many others.

PS
We know that the predominant Slavonic word for fire is Ogne, Ogon, etc. Its English cognate is the word "ignite". Noticing that one of the Old Czech words for fire is Pyr-related (Púř), I had to look further into it. Two widely used Slavonic words seemed to have retained a Pyr/Fire fire connection as cognates of the Greek "Pyr", one being Pirog, the Russian baked or fried filled stuffed dough. Then it is the word Pir/Пир, a party, a merriment, to use the word professor Donski prefers. The same word appears in other Slavic languages of course, including Russian. I thought that they are both possible candidates for being cognates of Pyr, since Pirogi are cooked over fire and a party/Pir in a traditional Slavic village society would always be centered around a fire, a pyre. I looked again at Pokorny's Indo-European dictionary and found that several other Pyr/Fire related cognates exist in Slavonic languages:
"slav. *pūri̯a- m. `glowing ash' in čech. pýř m. and pýři n. ds.; in addition ačech. pyřina `favilla', čech. pýřeti `glow', serb. upíriti `anfachen' etc."
Searching the internet, I found a Russian explanation for the word Pirog that confirmed my intuition:
Происхождение слова «пирог» связывается с одним из обозначений огня в индоевропейском языке.
The origin of the word Pirog is derived from a root that is indicative of fire in the Indo-European Language.
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B3
Searching further I located a book by Valery Demin, a Russian Philosopher and researcher, who wrote on the traditions of the early Rus, and from whom I will quote:
Представляется более чем вероятным, что и русские слова"пир", "пиршество", вопреки существующим объяснениям этимологов, скорее всего, ведут свое происхождение от протолексемы, означавшей в нерасчлененных еще протославянских и протогреческом языках -- "огонь".
It seems that the Russian words "пир"/Pir and "пиршество"/Pirshestvo despite various explanations that etymologists offered on them, most likely derive their origins from Protoslavic and Protohellenic root words which mean..."fire".
Instead of trying to make Pyrrias fit into a linguistic mold he never belonged to, maybe we need to re-define pir, after all. I wonder what our friends from Skopje would think of this.


Sources:
Dictionary of Classical Mythology, by Pierre Grimal
Ξενοφώντος, Κύρου Ανάβασις - Xenophon, Anabasis
http://epigraphy.packhum.org/inscriptions/main
http://el.wikisource.org/wiki/Δύσκολος
http://faculty.fairfield.edu/rosivach/cl103a/dyskolos
The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, by Calvert Watkins
The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), by J.P.Mallory and D.Q.Adams
http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/ielex/X/P1519.html
http://dnghu.org/indoeuropean.html
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B3
Тайны русского народа: В поисках истоков Руси. Валерий Демин
Mysteries of the Russian People: Searching for the origins of the Rus. Valery Demin

Macedonian names and makeDonski pseudo-linguistics: The case of the name Pyrrhus

Miltiades Bolaris
Article originally published in the American Chronicle, Dec. 20, 2009
www.americanchronicle.com/articles/view/133384












Balkan Illusion - phantasia archaica:

"...it is very interesting to note that many of the authentic ancient Macedonian words, according to their etymology and pronunciation, have a striking resemblance to the appropriate words used in the modern Macedonian language (and other so called "Slav"[sic] languages). "Pyri(as).The root of this name could be connected to the noun "pir" (merriment). The name Piri is present in todays' Macedonian onomasticon. Pyrh(os). This is probably a variant of the previous name."
From: "Similarities between ancient Macedonian and today's' Macedonian Culture (Linguistics and Onomastics)" by Aleksandar Donski, celebrity historian from FYROM.


Pyrrhos / Πύρρος
In the time of the old, humans did not exist. The world was the realm of the Gods. The first supreme divine couple was Ouranos/Ουρανός, Sky and Gaea/Γαια, Earth. They were followed by Cronos/Κρόνος and Rhea/Ρέα. Following a Titanic battle, Zeus (gen:Dios) / Ζευς (Διός) emerges as the supreme Deity. Zeus the Father of all (Ζευς Πατήρ/Zeus Pater) is the sky God, the Father Sky (*Dyeus Phater) of our Indo-European past. He is also the Dyaus-Pita of the Sanskrit Vedes, the Ju-Piter of the Latins, the Dei-Patrous of the Illyrians, but also the Attas Isanus (father sun God) of the Hittites, the Stri-bogu (father God) of the Russians and the Debess Tevs (God father of Heaven) of the Latvians. (1)
Zeus asked Prometheus/Προμηθεύς to mold a human, which the crafty Titan did, molding him out of clay. It was the Golden Generation of mortals that first walked the earth, followed by the Silver one. Times were good for humanity. Everything was easy. Life was good. But then the Bronze Generation came to being, and things did not go so well. Humans became corrupt and impious. Zeus was not going to stand for this kind of insolence coming from the mortals. Something drastic had to be done!
Deukalion/Δευκαλίων was a mythical king of Phthia/Φθία, in Thessaly/Θεσσαλία, the place where many years later Achilles was born.
Deukalion was the son of Prometheus/Προμηθεύς and Pronoea/Πρόνοια. Pro-metheus and Pro-noea are etymological synonyms, and they both mean "forward thinking"; "thinking and planning ahead".
Prometheus was the one who (despite Zeus's protestations had "provided" (the verb "to provide" in both ancient and modern Greek is tellingly prometheuo/προμηθευω and provisions are called prometheies/προμήθειες) the human race with the gift of Fire. Along with the fire, he also "provided" them with the knowledge and technology to use it for humanity's benefit. Fire until then was in the exclusive usage of the Gods, especially of Zeus (thunderbolts were fire falling from the shy on earth) and of Hephestos/Vulcan (he controlled volcanic activity: fire from inside the earth).
Deukalion was married to Pyrrha/Πύρρα who was his opposite in many respects: Her parents were the personification of foolishness: Pyrrha's father was Epimytheus/Επιμηθεύς ( his name means the backward-looking, the conservative-thinking one) and her mother was Pandora/Πανδώρα (=the one full of gifts). Greeks used all the caustic irony in their arsenal when choosing her name, considering that she was the woman who opened the treasure chest of evils letting them escape to plague humanity ever after, allowing only Elpis/Eλπίς, Hope, to console the now wretched humans in their suffering.
When Zeus caused the cataclysm to destroy the impious Bronze Generation of humans, Deukalion, adequately warned by his father Prometheus, created a water tight wooden cabin and hid in it with his wife. The cabin Deukalion had built floated on water, but once the high waters receded (the parallel connections with the Mythology of the Jews, the Egyptians and the Mesopotamians is obviously apparent), it finally touched on dry land on Mount Parnassus.
Deukalion's name sounds deceptively like "Zeus´ attractive one", Deus/Δεύς (as Zeus was called in the Aeolian dialect spoken in Thessaly) and kalos/καλός, the handsome, good looking one. But while the part of Deus/Zeus, the supreme God of light and thunderbolts is not off the mark, it gets a bit more interesting: "Deu-" derives also from the verb Deuo / Δεύω which means: to moisten something, to wet, to soak in water. Zeus is is not only known for the fire he sends through his thunderbolts, but rain too ("βροχαι και θυελαι εξ αυτου προερχονται" / rains and storms have Zeus as a source and (Ζευς Υει = Zeus rains). The second part of Deukalion's name "-kalion" comes from the noun kalia / καλια or kalias / καλιας and which means wooden cabin. Deukalion, therefore, is of the water, but not salty water of Poseidon, it is from the water that Deus / Zeus sends from the skies, and his wife is his material opposite, she is Pyrrha / Πυρρα of Pyr / Πυρ : Fire! She is the Fiery one. The two elements of primordial creation, water and fire, meet at the top of dry earth on top of Parnassus, the poetic mountain of the Muses. And after consulting the Delphic Apollo who tells them to close their eyes and walk and throw behind them the bones of their mother, Pyrrha understands: they pick up stones and start throwing them behind them. The three elemental units of ancient cosmology and creation : Water, Fire and (the bones of) Earth meet and blend in the clear, mountain top Air of the divine Parnassus, and out of their sacred union a new nation of people is being born: the progenitors of all the Greek tribes are born that same day, one after the other, as laas / λααs (stone) after laas is falling, one after the other behind Deukalion, the one of moisture and Pyrrha the one of fire.
The first three stones produce sons. The first son was Hellen / Ελλην whose children are Doros / Δωρος (progenitor of Dorians), Xouthos / Ξουθος (progenitor of Ionians), and Aiolos / Αιολος (progenitor of Aeolians):
"...και οτι Προμηθέως (ή Δευκαλίωνος) καί Πύρρας ΄Ελλην, αφ' ού ΄Ελληνες καί Ελλάς"
Ησιόδου Γυναικών Κατάλογος, Fragment #2 Oxford Classical texts
"...also that Hellen was the son of Deucalion and Pyrrha, from whom the Hellenes and Hellas" (take their Hellenic name)
Hesiod, Women's Catalog, Fragment #2 Oxford Classical texts
The second son is Amfiktyon/Αμφικτύων, king of Thermopylae and later king Athens, representing the line of the autochthonous people of Greece, and the third is Orestheus (Ορυσθεύς) king of the Ozolian Locrians (Λοκροί) of Aetolia/Αιτωλία in western - central Greece. And the next three stones produce daughters: Protogeneia/Πρωτογενεια who produced the son Endymion/Ενδυμίων who became king of the Elis, where Olympia is. The second daughter is Pandora / Πανδώρα, the mother of Graecos/Γραικός (from whom name and of his descendants of Magna Graecia in Southern Italy the Latins took the name by which they call the nation of the Hellenes-Greeks):
"κούρη δ΄ εν μεγάροισιν αγαυού Δευκαλίωνος Πανδώρη Διί πατρί θεών σημάντορι πάντων μιχθεισ΄εν φιλότητι τέκε Γραικόν μενεχάρμην"
Ησιόδου, Γυναικών Κατάλογος, Fragment #5 Oxford Classical texts

"and in the palace the daughter of noble Deucalion
Pandora was joined with father Zeus, leader of all the gods,
in love and gave birth to Graecus, the fierce one in battle."
Hesiod, Women's Catalog, Fragment #5 Oxford Classical texts

The third daughter was Thyia / Θυία, mother of Magnes / Μάγνης, progenetor of the Magnetians of Eastern Thessaly and Olympus and also of Macedon / Μακεδών, progenetor of the Macedonians, as Porphyrogenetos (Constantinus Porphyrogenitus (3), de Them. 2) mentions, quoting Hesiodos:
"Μακεδονία ἡ χώρα ὠνομάσθη ἀπὸ Μακεδόνας τοῦ Διὸς και Θυίας τῆς Δευκαλίωνος, ὥς φησιν Ἡσίοδος ὁ ποιητής..."
Ησιοδου, Γυναικων Καταλογος, Fragment #7 Oxford Classical texts
"The district Macedonia took its name from Macedon the son of Zeus
and Thyia, Deucalion's daughter, as Hesiod says:"
Hesiod, Women's Catalog, Fragment #7 Oxford Classical texts

"η δ' υποκυσαμενη Διι γεινατο τερπικεραυνειωι
υιε δυο, Μαγνητα Μακηδονα θ' ιππιχαρμην,
οι περι Πιεριην και 'Ολυμπον δωματ' εναιον"
Ησιοδου, Γυναικων Καταλογος, Fragment #7 Oxford Classical texts

"and she conceived and bare to Zeus who delights in the
thunderbolt two sons, Magnes and Macedon, rejoicing in horses,
who dwell round about Pieria and Olympus..."
Hesiod, Women's Catalog, Fragment #7 Oxford Classical texts
It is incidentally interesting to note that the names Magnes / Μάγνης and Macedon / Μακεδων, Magnesia/ Μαγνησία and Makedonia /Μακεδονία linguistically are very closely related words. This in itself betrays a deeper fraternity between the two tribes which is attested in the very revealing mythical connection anyway (…"two sons, Magnes and Macedon"…: You cannot get any closer than being brothers!). Both names are derivatives of the Greek root word Mak- / Μακ- (makos / μάκος and mekos / μήκος mean length in Greek and are still very much in usage today in modern Greek: Μakrys / Μακρυς / long and Mekos/Μηκος/long). The original Indo-European root word: *mak which meant "length" and it has remained unchanged in Greek, through ancient times. The same word appears in the Greek word Μακροοικονομικά/Makrooeconomika, spelled in English as Macroeconomics/Large scale Economics. Macro is used in this case as "large scale" to contrast with Micro/small scale.
Magnesia, and Macedonia are both places with mountains. The most probable etymology for their people, the Magnetes and the Macedonians is the "mountain people", the highlanders, similar to the tribal "Orestai", for example. This is well accepted by the most respected modern Macedonia scholars:
"What language did these Macedones speak? The name itself is Greek in root and in ethnic termination. It probably means highlanders, and it is comparable to Greek tribal names..."
[N.G.L. Hammond, "The Macedonian State" (1989)]

This was the sacred creation myth of the ancient Greek cosmology, as it was poetically narrated mainly by Hesiod/Ησίοδος (about 700 BC, Aeolis and Boeotia), and later on by Αpollonios the Rodian / Απολλώνιος ο Ρόδιος (born 270 BC in Alexandria) and others over the centuries. In this Mythical context, Pyrrha's destiny, as we saw, was to be the mother or grand mother of all Greeks. Hesiod's books, along with Homer's became the sacred bible of Greek religion, so what was told in them was taken very seriously and at face value by the ancient Greeks.
In passing I find the opportunity to mention and to stress here that Hesiod's sacred pronouncements relating to the fraternal blood relationships between the progenitors of the Ionians, the Dorians, the Aeolians, the Locrian Aetolians, the Magnetian Thessalo-Pierians, the Epirotans and the Macedonians, counted, for the ancient Greeks, sacred volumes more than any demagogic pronouncements by any Athenian orator, who had political knives to grind and geopolitical reasons to raise his fellow citizens´ fears and wreath against Philip II, the restless king of Macedonia. If Hesiod classified the Macedonians as one of the Greek tribes, then so it was, for the ancients: end of the story! More than one thousand and four hundred years after Hesiod had written his assessment on the Macedonians and the other Greek tribes, several Slavic tribes, the Mijaci/Мијаци and the Brsjaci/БРСЈАЦИ and others, crossed the Danube, being pushed by or sometimes following and joining the Turkic Avars in their attacks into the Eastern Roman Empire, Btzantium. These Slavic tribes had been scraping a living just north of the Danube, for some time, but this was only a temporary stop, in the long descent of the Slavs from the Pripet marshes of Belorussia, which eventually ended inside Byzantine lands of the middle and lower Balkans.
Twelve hundred years after their arrival, some of the descendants of these Mijacs and Brsjaks suddenly decided that Hesiod was wrong: The Macedonians were not Greek after all, they claimed, but Slavic. They proclaimed themselves to be the true and only Macedonians, the Makedonci. Leaving the government of the twenty first century Mijaci/Мијаци and Brsjaci/БРСЈАЦИ of Skopje busy erecting statues to Alexander the Great, trying to prove their imaginary ancient Makedonist laurels, we now return to Pyrrha. Pyrrha was considered by the Greeks to be the first mortal person ever born. The province of Thessaly was also called Pyrrhaea/Πυρραία after her descendants who stayed and lived there. Deukalion took Pyrrha and they walked to Epiros/΄Ηπειρος, where they founded the temple and oracle of Dodona/Δωδώνα – Dodone/Δωδώνη. They dedicated this temple to the worship and divine honor of father Zeus.
History tangles its branches with mythology and following the Trojan war, Neoptolemos/Νεοπτόλεμος (=Young Warrior) the son of Achilles/Αχιλλεύς leaves his paternal Thessalian Phthia/Φθια and follows his grandmother's footsteps and establishes a new kingdom among the Molossian Greeks of Epirus. The first king of the Molossian Epirotans was another deity of fire, Phaethon (from Phos/Φως (=Light as in: Photographia/Φωτογραφία) derived from: *bheh2 = to shine), the one full of light, the son of Helios/΄Ηλιος (*sehaul), the solar God. The ancients have left us the information that the ancient inhabitants of Epiros were the Selloi/Σελλοί [whose name is related to the Selas / Σέλας , which means "light", as in Boreion Selas/Βόρειον Σέλας, the northern lights – the Aurora Borealis of the Latins. Selene is incidentally the name of the "night light", i.e. the moon, in Greek. Selene is also called Selana, by Sappho, in her Aeolian dialect, and Theocritos tells us that ἀλλὰ Σελάνα, φαῖνε καλόν / alla Selana phaine kalon / but Selana lights up beautifully. Theocritus, Idylls 2.10. Selana or Selene is obviously from the same linguistic root as Luna, the moon of the Latins.
The fire and light connection is everywhere here: Pyrrha, the grandmother of the Greeks, Pyrrhos – Neoptolemos the son of Achiles and first king of the Pyrrhidae dynasty, and finally Phaethon and finally the Selloi.
Selloi/Σελλοι, was also the name by which the priests of Zeus in Dodona were known by. Some ancient authors, and none other than the Macedonian Aristotle himself among them, interestingly claim that the common name of the Greeks "Hellenes" to have derived from these Eperotan Sellenes – Hellenes.
"Περί την Ελλάδα την Αρχαίαν. Αύτη δ' εστίν η περί την Δωδώνην και τον Αχελώον... Ώκουν γαρ οι Σελλοί και οι καλούμενοι τότε μεν Γραικοί, νυν δ΄Έλληνες"
Αριστοτέλης, "Μετεωρολογικά, Α, 352b"
"in ancient Hellas, in between Dodona and the Acheloos river [...], the land occupied by Seli and Graecoi who later came to be known as Hellenes"
Aristotle, "Meteorologica, I, 352b

I need to make a parenthesis and insert a few notes here: The first is on "Hellas". As Aristotle tells and all the ancients knew, Hellas was originally only the name of the land around Thessaly. It was only much later that the other Greeks adopted this name as their own ethnonym. Additionally, not every place that was inhabited by Greeks was called Greece/Hellas. Greeks of southern Italy re-named their place into Megale Hellas, Greater Greece, Magna Graecia of the Latins, but this were the exception. Greeks lived in Asia Minor for millennia, and they never called their land Greece/Hellas. They instead called their homeland Ionia, Aeolia, etc. and they were called by the other Greeks Ionians, Aeolians, etc. The Macedonians were likewise considering themselves of Greek stock, but they called their land Macedonia, which was considered to be north of the original Hellas proper (south of Olympus). Ethnically though, everyone accepted Macedonia, especially after the expulsion or the eventual Hellenization of the Paeonians and the remaining Thracians to be unquestionably a Greek Land. None other than Strabo the Geographer declares this: Ἐστι µέν οὖν Ἑλλάς καί ἡ Μακεδονία / Esti men oun Hellas kai he Makedonia: Macedonia of course is part of Greece too.
Strabo 7.9
Another issue is the name Graeci and Graecia. Some, who never read their Hesiod or Aristotle, ignorantly claim that these are names that the Romans attached to the Greeks, but this is plainly wrong and unhistorical. The Romans heard the Greeks of southern Italy (Megale Hellas) call themselves Graeci, (Graecoi and Hellenes were both acceptable ethnic names for the Greeks themselves, as Achaeoi, Danaoi or Argoites were in the earlier, Homeric times), so the Romans simply adopted it.
Back to Epirus again, and to Dodona, which is the place where tribes of Pelasgians and Hellenes came together and under the divine light of Helios they worshiped Zeus.
Homer has Achilles exclaim in the Iliad:
"Ζευ άνα, Δωδωναίε, Πελασγικέ, τηλόθι ναίων Δωδώνης µεδέων δυσχειμέρου, αµφί δε Σελλοί σοι ναίουσ' υποφήται, ανιπτόποδες, χαµαιεύναι..." / Zeus king, Dodonian, Pelasgian, living afar, being master of the cold Dodona around which live the Selloi, your prophets, the dirty footed who sleep on the floor..." Homer, Iliad Π 233 – 235.
Neoptolemos, the son of Achilles was also called Pyrros (which means of the fire, but also red-haired, as some say he was) and established as we said his kingdom among the Molossians. This dynasty was called the Pyrrhidae/Πυρρίδαι after him. Years later, a Pyrrhidaean prince of the Molossians named Myrtale/Μυρτάλη was betrothed to the young king Philip / Φίλιππος of the adjacent kingdom of Macedonia. When his horses won the tethripon (four horse) chariot race for him, Philippos II renamed his queen Olympias/Ολυμπιάς to commemorate his becoming an Olympian victor himself.
A succession of kings some of whose names have come down to us, like Tharrhypas / Θαρρύπας, Arybas/Aρύβας, Alcetas/Αλκέτας, Alexandros/Αλέξανδρος (brother of Myrtale-Olympias) and Aeacides / Αιακίδης, who succeeded him after his (Alexander the Molossian) untimely death in Italy. Aeakides had three daughters, Phthia, Deidamia and Troas, and a son, whom he named Pyrrhos / Πύρρος.
Pyrrhos (319 - 272 B.C) had shaky, dangerous and politically eventful childhood, when at two years of age, after the deposition of his father from royal power while he was fighting against Cassandros/Κασσανδρος/Cassander οf Macedonia, he was rushed to Macedonia and from there to Illyria, where he grew up. Pyrrhos returned to claim his kingdom and established himself as one of the most memorable of the Hellenistic kings. Being a second cousin of Alexander (through his aunt Myrtale/Olympias), he was as fierce and Homeric in battle as Alexander, reminding the older Macedonian soldiers of their fabled king, Alexander the Great.
[8] Ὁ δ' ἀγὼν οὗτος οὐ τοσοῦτον ὀργῆς ὧν ἔπαθον οὐδὲ μίσους ἐνέπλησε τοὺς Μακεδόνας πρὸς τὸν Πύρρον, ὅσην δόξαν αὐτοῦ καὶ θαῦμα τῆς ἀρετῆς καὶ λόγον ἐνειργάσατο τοῖς ἰδοῦσι τὰ ἔργα καὶ συνενεχθεῖσι κατὰ τὴν μάχην. καὶ γὰρ ὄψιν ᾤοντο καὶ τάχος ἐοικέναι καὶ κίνημα τοῖς Ἀλεξάνδρου, καὶ τῆς φορᾶς ἐκείνου καὶ βίας παρὰ τοὺς ἀγῶνας ἐν τούτῳ σκιάς τινας ὁρᾶσθαι καὶ μιμήματα,
8 This conflict did not fill the Macedonians with wrath and hate towards Pyrrhus for their losses, rather it led those who beheld his exploits and engaged him in the battle to esteem him highly and admire his bravery and talk much about him. For they likened his aspect and his swiftness and all his motions to those of the great Alexander, and thought they saw in him shadows, as it were, and intimations of that leader's impetuosity and might in conflicts.

Epirote coin: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΠΥΡΡΟΥ - BASILEOS PYRROY : (belonging to) King Pyrrhos

It was the assistance of his legendary Macedonian cousin Alexander the Great whom
Pyrrhos saw lying sick in bed in his dream, to help him overcome Demetrios. Sure enough, Alexander helped:
ἐκείνης δὲ τῆς νυκτὸς ἔδοξε κατὰ τοὺς ὕπνους ὑπ' Ἀλεξάνδρου καλεῖσθαι τοῦ μεγάλου, καὶ παραγενόμενος κλινήρη μὲν αὐτὸν ἰδεῖν, λόγων δὲ χρηστῶν τυχεῖν καὶ φιλοφροσύνης, ἐπαγγελλομένου προθύμως βοηθήσειν. αὐτοῦ δὲ τολμήσαντος εἰπεῖν "καὶ πῶς ἂν ὦ βασιλεῦ νοσῶν δυνατὸς εἴης ἐμοὶ βοηθεῖν;" "αὐτῷ" φάναι "τῷ ὀνόματι", καὶ περιβάντα <6> Νισαῖον ἵππον ἡγεῖσθαι
2 That night Pyrrhus dreamed that he was called by Alexander the Great, and that when he answered the call he found the king lying on a couch, but met with kindly speech and friendly treatment from him, and received a promise of his ready aid and help. "And how, O King," Pyrrhus ventured to ask, "when thou art sick, canst thou give me aid and help?" "My name itself will give it," said the king, and mounting a Nisaean horse he led the way.
Plutarch, Parallel Lives, Pyrrhos
So he attacked and took over Berroea and forced Demetrios to turn back from his war against another Macedonian King, Lyssimachos.
καταλαμβάνει τὴν Βέροιαν, καὶ τὸ πλεῖστον αὐτόθι τῆς στρατιᾶς ἱδρύσας, τὰ λοιπὰ προσήγετο διὰ τῶν στρατηγῶν.
he took possession of Beroea and then, having established the greater part of his forces there, he proceeded to subdue the rest of the land through his generals.
But events betrayed Demetrios' false assumptions. Far from being seen as a foreigner by the Macedonians, he was welcome by the local population as a
ὅθεν ἐπιστρέψας ἐπὶ τὸν Πύρρον ἦγεν ὡς ξένον καὶ μισούμενον ὑπὸ τῶν Μακεδόνων. ἐπεὶ δὲ παρεστρατοπέδευσεν αὐτόθι, πολλοὶ τῶν ἐκ τῆς Βεροίας ἀφικνούμενοι τὸν Πύρρον ἐνεκωμίαζον ὡς ἄμαχον μὲν ἐν τοῖς ὅπλοις καὶ λαμπρὸν ἄνδρα, πράως δὲ καὶ φιλανθρώπως τοῖς ἡλωκόσι χρώμενον.
Therefore he turned back and led them against Pyrrhus, with the idea that he was a foreigner and hated by the Macedonians. But after he had pitched his camp over against Pyrrhus, many Beroeans came thither with loud praises of Pyrrhus; they said he was invincible in arms and a brilliant hero, and treated his captives with mildness and humanity.
Of course the fact that Pyrrhus engaged in some of the early attested "hearts and minds" propaganda campaigns did not hurt at all. Using the fact that Epirotans and Macedonians spoke the same dialect of what Linguists now call Northwestern Greek, he dressed some of his Epirotans as Macedonians and put them to the field to do his work:
ἦσαν δέ τινες οὓς αὐτὸς ὁ Πύρρος ἐγκαθίει, προσποιουμένους εἶναι Μακεδόνας καὶ λέγοντας, ὅτι νῦν καιρός ἐστι τῆς Δημητρίου βαρύτητος ἀπαλλαγῆναι, πρὸς ἄνδρα δημοτικὸν καὶ φιλοστρατιώτην μεταβαλομένους τὸν Πύρρον. ἐκ τούτου τὸ πλεῖστον ἀνηρέθιστο τῆς στρατιᾶς, καὶ τὸν Πύρρον ἐζήτουν περισκοποῦντες·
There were some also whom Pyrrhus himself sent into the camp; they pretended to be Macedonians, and said that now was the favorable time to rid themselves of Demetrius and his severity, by going over to Pyrrhus, a man who was gracious to the common folk and fond of his soldiers. In consequence of this, the greater part of the army was all excitement, and went about looking for Pyrrhus;
And here we read a most interesting point as made by Plutarch, which many a later day convert to the peculiar Balkan cult of Slavο-"Makedonism" would curse the time it was printed on paper. It is yet another solid ancient proof of the fraternal identity shared between ancient Macedonians and Epirotan Greeks, whose king Pyrrhos was readily accepted by the famously conservative, stubborn and tribally-minded Macedonians as one of their own kings. A king, indeed that vividly reminded them of Pyrrhus´ own cousin, Alexander the Great:
[8] τῶν μὲν ἄλλων βασιλέων ἐν πορφύραις καὶ δορυφόροις καὶ κλίσει τραχήλου καὶ τῷ μεῖζον διαλέγεσθαι, μόνου δὲ Πύρρου τοῖς ὅπλοις καὶ ταῖς χερσὶν ἐπιδεικνυμένου τὸν Ἀλέξανδρον.
[8] The other kings, they said, represented Alexander with their purple robes, their body-guards, the inclination of their necks, and their louder tones in conversation; but Pyrrhus, and Pyrrhus alone, in arms and action.
It was now a matter of simply arranging the turning in of the Macedonian army to Pyrrhus. The communication was flawless. The fraternization of the two armies happened by the soldiers themselves, the Epirotanas and the Macedonians, and there was no need for translators: Epirotans and Macedonians spoke the same (Northwest Greek) dialect, after all:
ὥστε τοὺς Μακεδόνας σύνθημα προστρέχοντας αἰτεῖν, ἄλλους δὲ κλάδους δρυὸς ἀναστέφεσθαι διὰ τὸ καὶ τοὺς περὶ ἐκεῖνον ἐστεφανωμένους <εἰς>ὁρᾶν. ἤδη δὲ καὶ πρὸς αὐτόν τινες ἐτόλμων λέγειν τὸν Δημήτριον, ὡς ὑπεκστὰς καὶ προέμενος τὰ πράγματα καλῶς δόξει βεβουλεῦσθαι. τούτοις τοῖς λόγοις ὅμοιον ὁρῶν τὸ κίνημα τοῦ στρατοπέδου καὶ φοβηθεὶς κρύφα διεξέπεσε, καυσίᾳ τινὶ καὶ λιτῷ χλαμυδίῳ περιστείλας ἑαυτόν. ἐπελθὼν δ' ὁ Πύρρος ἀμαχεὶ παρέλαβε τὸ στρατόπεδον, καὶ βασιλεὺς ἀνηγορεύθη Μακεδόνων.
and some of the Macedonians thus ran to him asking for the watchword, while others put oak branch garlands on their heads because they saw the men around him garlanded. At the same time some dared to tell even Demetrios himself that if he withdrew and renounced his affairs people would think that he had followed a wise course. He saw that these words seemed to correspond with the agitation in the camp, and frightened as he was, secretly disappeared, wearing a (typical Macedonian) causia hat and a simple soldier's cloak. With him gone, Pyrrhos took over the camp without a fight, and was proclaimed king of the Macedonians. (Plutarch, Parallel Lives, Pyrrhus)

Demetrius' elite Leukaspides troops desert, and then celebrate Pyrrhus of Epirus as the new King of Macedon, 288 BC.
Painting by Angus McBride from Military Illustrated no. 29 October 1990

This signaled the end of Demetrios's army, and the Chinese strategist Sun Tzu would have been very proud of Pyrrhos: "Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance without fighting – Sun Tzu".
The Carthaginian Hannibal, arguably the best strategist of ancient times after Alexander, excluding Alexander from the competition, when asked who was the best strategist, answered that in his opinion, Pyrrhos was the best of them all:
Ἀννίβας δὲ συμπάντων ἀπέφαινε τῶν στρατηγῶν πρῶτον μὲν ἐμπειρίᾳ καὶ δεινότητι Πύρρον, Σκιπίωνα δὲ δεύτερον, ἑαυτὸν δὲ τρίτον,
Hannibal, however, declared that the foremost of all generals in experience and ability was Pyrrhus, that Scipio was second, and he himself third

He went on to fight many battles, in Thrace, Macedonia, and Epirus. He fought and defeated the Romans in two major battles, first being the battle of Heracleia (280 BC), after which he marched on to Rome, but realizing that his army was not as large as was required for a siege and capture of such a large city, he turned back having come as close as 50 kilometers from Rome's walls. He fought against the Romans a second time, in the battle of Asculum (279 BC).
Following that second defeat at the hands of Pyrrhos, the Romans were hard pressed to find excuses:
18 ...καίτοι λέγεται Γάιον Φαβρίκιον εἰπεῖν, ὡς οὐκ Ἠπειρῶται Ῥωμαίους, ἀλλὰ Πύρρος νενικήκοι Λαιβῖνον, οἰόμενον οὐ τῆς δυνάμεως, ἀλλὰ τῆς στρατηγίας γεγονέναι τὴν ἧτταν·
18…and yet we are told that Caius Fabricius declared that it was not the Epeirots who had conquered the Romans, but Pyrrhus who had conquered Laevinus, Fabricius being of the opinion that the Roman defeat was not due to their army, but to its general;

His costly victories drained his army of his best Epirotan and Macedonian soldiers. To his jubilant supporters at the end of the battle of Asculum, he philosophically replied:

"Εν ετι μίαν μάχην νικήσωμεν, απολώλαμεν."
"If we win yet one more battle, will' ll be destroyed.",
giving rise to the now famous expression: Pyrrhic victory / Πύρριος νίκη, to henceforth describe a victory won at such a great cost that should be considered as bad as a defeat.
Pyrrhos, restless as usual, went south to help the Sicilian Greeks against the encroaching Carthaginians. They eventually proclaimed Pyrrhos king of Sicily, then disillusioned with his dictatorial ways asked him to leave. One more battle fought against the Romans, and unable to find fresh, new war-hardened recruits among south-Italian Greeks, convinced him to return to Greece. He fought against the Spartans in a not so glorious battle against Spartan old men and belligerent Spartan women who were fighting on a ditch they had hastily dug outside of unfortified Sparta, but he failed. On his return, he went to help his supporters in the city of Argos, but he died in the narrow streets of ancient Argos.
Most of the information and most all of the quotes on the life of Pyrrhos I took from Plutarch's Parallel Lives/Πλουτάρχου, Βίοι Παράλληλοι, a monumental collection of biographies written by the Roman era Greek Historian Plutarch/Plutarchos/Πλούταρχοs, circa 45–120 CE. His 46 Lives/Bioi are in contrasting "Greek & Roman" pairs: He paired every Greek statesman, general, orator etc that he presented, with his Roman equivalent.
Here are some of the most famous examples:

The Greek orator Demosthenes was paired with the Roman Cicero.
The Greek statesman Demetrios Poliorcetes was paired with the Roman Antonius.
The Greek marshal-statesman Alexander the Great was paired with the Roman Julius Caesar.
The Greek marshal-statesman Phillipos B' was paired with the Roman Scipio Africanus. (both biographies are now lost).
Greek marshal-statesman Pyrrhos was paired with the Roman Gaius Marius.

Unlike some modern Balkan chauvinists, bent on history falsification, the ancient Greeks and Romans knew their history very well. They knew very well who was a Greek and who was a Roman!
Maybe the ones who try to claim Alexander, Philip, Aristotle or Pyrrhus as Slavic (or even Albanian, for that matter, taking another Balkan turn into the absurd...), should take note of what the ancients wrote in their own time. At that time, the Greeks and the Romans had no idea of the whereabouts of the Slavs (or the Albanians), both of whom appeared in history and in the present location in the lower Balkans several centuries later.
What would have been the name of Pyrrhos/Πύρρος, had he been a south Slav today?
Pyr/Πύρ/ Πῦρ, as we previously saw means "fire" in Greek. The words pyroclastic (broken rocks of fire, coming out of the volcano), Pyrotechnics (the science of materials capable of producing heat, and the art of creating fireworks), Pyre (Greek πυρά/pyrá, as in "Funeral Pyre", the funeral fire that consumes the human body, as practiced by Hindus or ancient Greeks, among others), Pyrex Glass (the fire-resisting glass used in home kitchen products), Pyromania (the impulse to deliberately start fires for self gratification), are all derived from the Greek root "pyr-". This is how Webster´s dictionary defines it:

"Main Entry: pyr-
Variant(s): or pyro-
Function: combining form
Etymology: Gr, from pyr — more at fire
1 : fire : heat
2 a : produced by or as if by the action of heat b : derived from a corresponding ortho acid by loss usually of one molecule of water from two molecules of acid
3 : fever"

Pyrrhos/Πύρρος and (in feminine form) Pyrrha/Πύρρα evidently mean "the one of fire", the person that is made of or is born of: pyr/fire. In a less poetic way, which obviously does not apply to the name of a king or a goddess, it is also used to describe a red-haired person or "the reddish one".
Back to our question now: What would have been the name of Pyrrhos/Πύρρος, had he been a south Slav of the middle ages, or of today? We do not need to go too far searching for it; a beautiful equivalent Slavic name already exists in Bulgarian: Ognyan/Огнян, "the one of fire" (Female: Ognyana/Огнянa), as derived from Ognen/Огнeн the Slavic and, particularly in this case Bulgarian, word for fire.


(1)The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, J. P. Mallory, Douglas Q. Adams).
(2) Women's Catalog, Hesiod, Oxford Classical texts. Ησιόδου Γυναικὠν Κατάλογοι.
(3) Iliad, Homer. Ομήρου Ιλιάς.
(4) Parallel Lives, Pyrrhus, Plutarch. Πλουτάρχου Παράλληλοι Βίοι, Πύρρος.

Wednesday, May 26, 2010

Μακεδονικές Οργανώσεις εξωτερικού και εσωτερικού: Ψήφισμα 22/11/2009

ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΚΕΣ ΟΡΓΑΝΩΣΕΙΣ
Προς τα Μ.Μ.Ε., ΠΑΡΑΚΛΗΣΗ ΓΙΑ ΜΕΤΑΔΟΣΗ- ΔΗΜΟΣΙΕΥΣΗ – ΠΡΟΒΟΛΗ
ΤΗΝ ΚΥΡΙΑΚΗ 22/11/2009 - ΕΥΧΑΡΙΣΤΟΥΜΕ

ΔΕΛΤΙΟ ΤΥΠΟΥ
Εν όψει της συζήτησης του Δεκεμβρίου, στο Συμβούλιο κορυφής της Ε.Ε. για τη χορήγηση ημερομηνίας έναρξης ενταξιακών διαπραγματεύσεων του κράτους των Σκοπίων, καθώς και στη Σύνοδο του ΝΑΤΟ του ιδίου μηνός, οι Μακεδονικές Οργανώσεις εξωτερικού και εσωτερικού εξέδωσαν το παρακάτω ψήφισμα:


ΨΗΦΙΣΜΑ

Οι Μακεδονικές Οργανώσεις καθώς και οι φορείς που υποστηρίζουν τις θέσεις και τις απόψεις των τριών εκατομμυρίων Μακεδόνων, τόσο στο εσωτερικό της χώρας όσο και στο εξωτερικό, έχοντας επίγνωση της κρισιμότητας στην οποία έχει περιέλθει η διαπραγμάτευση για το όνομα της ΠΓΔΜ, καλούν την Κυβέρνηση καθώς και τους πολιτικούς Αρχηγούς και Βουλευτές όλων των κομμάτων, όπως διαφυλάξουν τα εθνικά συμφέροντα και την εθνική αξιοπρέπεια από την επιβουλή των Σλάβων των Σκοπίων κατά της Ιστορίας και του Πολιτισμού της Μακεδονίας και συνακόλουθα της Ελλάδος.

ΔΗΛΩΝΟΥΝ ότι δεν πρόκειται να δεχθούν την συμπερίληψη του όρου Μακεδονία στο όνομα του κράτους των Σκοπίων.

ΖΗΤΟΥΝ από την Κυβέρνηση να εγκαταλείψει την πολιτική του γεωγραφικού προσδιορισμού και να συμπεριλάβει στη διαπραγμάτευση και τα ζητήματα του καθορισμού της ονομασίας του έθνους, της υπηκοότητας και της γλώσσας, ώστε να αποτραπεί η χρήση του όρου Μακεδονία.

ΚΑΛΟΥΝ την Κυβέρνηση να αρνηθεί την έναρξη ενταξιακών διαπραγματεύσεων μεταξύ της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης και της ΠΓΔΜ, καθώς και την ένταξή της στο ΝΑΤΟ ή σε άλλους Διεθνείς Οργανισμούς, στους όποίους η χώρα μας έχει το δικαίωμα της αρνησικυρίας, προτού λυθούν τα προβλήματα του ονόματος, της εθνότητας, της υπηκοότητας και της γλώσσας.


ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΚΕΣ ΟΡΓΑΝΩΣΕΙΣ: όσες ενημερώθηκαν και απάντησαν από 9/11 έως 17/11/2009.

Παμμακεδονική Ένωση Αμερικής

Παμμακεδονική Ένωση Αυστραλίας

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Παμμακεδονική Ένωση Ευρώπης

Μακεδονικά Τμήματα Αφρικής

Κέντρο Μακεδονικών Σπουδών (ΗΠΑ)

Διεθνές Ίδρυμα Μνημείου Μεγάλου Αλεξάνδρου

Φιλόπτωχος Αδελφότης Ανδρών Θεσσαλονίκης

Φιλόπτωχος Αδελφότης Κυριών Θεσσαλονίκης

Σωματείο ΑΧΕΠΑ «Μέγας Αλέξανδρος»

Φίλοι του Μουσείου Μακεδονικού Αγώνα

Περιφερειακή Εφορεία Προσκόπων Θεσσαλονίκης

Πανελλήνιος Ομοσπονδ. Μικρασιατικών Σωματείων

Ροταριανός Όμιλος Θεσσαλονίκης

Παμμακεδονική Οργάνωση Γυναικών

Σωματείο Φίλων Κέντρου Ιστορίας Θεσσαλονίκης

Λέσχη Ελλήνων Καταδρομέων

INNER WHEEL

LIONS Εγνατίας

Σύλλογος Φίλες της ΕΛΕΠΑΠ

Μέριμνα του Παιδιού

Λαογραφική Εταιρεία Νομού Πέλλας

Κίνηση Δημοτών Έδεσσας «Ίων Δραγούμης»

Σύλλογος Φίλων Αρχαιοτήτων Έδεσσας «Οι Τημενίδες»

Φιλεκπαιδευτικός Όμιλος Φλωρίνης «Αριστοτέλης»

Φιλανθρωπικός Σύλλογος «Φίλοι Νεότητας Υπαίθρου»

Ινστιτούτο «Αριστοτέλης»

Στέγη Μακεδονικού Πολιτισμού

Καρίπειο Ίδρυμα Μελετών Μακεδονίας – Θράκης

Ίδρυμα Φιλόπτωχου Αδελφότητας Κυριών Θεσσαλονίκης

Ίδρυμα Δημητρίου και Μαρίας Δελιβάνη

Βοήθεια Ζωής προς το Ειδικό Παιδί

Φίλες Ορφανοτροφείου «Μέλισσα»

Οι εν Χριστώ Φίλοι των Μαθητών του χωριού

Θυγατέρες της Πηνελόπης «Ολυμπιάδες»

Μορφωτικός Σύλλογος Ίδα «Ιων Δραγούμης»

Ιδρυτικός Σοροπτιμιστικός Όμιλος

Σοροπτιμιστικός Όμιλος «Βυζάντιο»

Σύλλογος Πολυγυρινών

Σύλλογος Καστοριέων κυριών «Το Κέλετρον»

Ιατρικός Σύλλογος Θεσσαλονίκης

Πανελλήνιος Ομοσπονδία Θρακικών Σωματείων

Ομοσπονδία Δυτικομακεδονικών Σωματ. Θεσ/νίκης

Παμμακεδονική Συνομοσπονδία Αθηνών

Πανελλήνιος Ομοσπονδία Ειδικών Δυνάμεων

Λύκειο Ελληνίδων Θεσσαλονίκης

Παγκρήτια Αδελφότης Μακεδονίας

«Ομάδα 21» Μακεδονίας – Θράκης

Ένωση Ποντίων Μακεδονίας

Μέριμνα Ποντίων Κυριών

Σωματείο «Παναγία Σουμελά»

Σώμα Ελληνικού Οδηγισμού Περιφέρειας Θεσ/κης

Πανελλήνια Ομοσπονδία Σωματ. Ανατ. Ρωμυλίας

Σύνδεσμος Θεσσαλονικέων (Αθήνας)

Ηπειρωτική Εστία

Θρακική Εστία Θεσσαλονίκης

Σύλλογος Κοζανιτών «Ο Άγιος Νικόλαος»

Σύλλογος των εν Θεσσαλονίκης Μπαλτζανών

Κυνηγετικός Σύλλογος Θεσσαλονίκης

Πανελλήνιος Σύλλογος Απογόνων Μακεδονομάχων «Ο Παύλος Μελάς»

Σύλλογος «Ο Αίσωπος»

Σύλλογος Λημνίων Θεσσαλονίκης «Ο Ήφαιστος»

Πολιτιστικός Σύλλογος Κάτω Γραμματικού «Πατριάρχης Χρύσανθος»

Βοϊακή Εστία

«Ιωνική Εστία» Θεσσαλονίκης

Σύλλογος Σαρακατσαναίων Θεσ/νίκης «Η Ένωσις»

Σύνδεσμος Μοναστηριωτών «Καρτερία»

Σύλλογος Σιατιστέων

Σύλλογος Τσοτιλιωτών και φίλων Τσοτιλίου

Σύλλογος Απογόνων Μακεδονομάχων Ν. Πέλλας

Μακεδονικός Χορ. Πολιτιστικός Σύλ.«Αμύντας»

Σωματείο «Άγιος Βασίλειος - Βασιλειάδα»

Σύνδεσμος Μοναστηριωτών «Η Ελπίς»

Σύλλογος Απανταχού Πισοδεριτών «Η Αγία Τριάς»

Ιστορική & Λαογραφική Ετ. Γιαννιτσών Ο Φίλιππος

Σπίτι της Ευρώπης

Ένωση Ρουμελιωτών Βορ. Ελλάδος

Μορφ/κός Περιβ/ικός Όμιλος Πέλλας Αρχαία Πέλλα

Πολιτιστική Εταιρεία Πανελλήνων «Μακεδνός»

Ομοσπονδία Συλλόγων Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας

Όμιλος Πολιτιστικής Ανάπτυξης Θες/νίκης

Το ψήφισμα εστάλη στους κ.κ. Πρόεδρο Δημοκρατίας, Υπουργούς, βουλευτές, Έλληνες ευρωβουλευτές και ΜΜΕ.


Επικοινωνία: Αντώνιος Δασκόπουλος τηλ:2310 341084
e-mail: helendasko@yahoo.com
Τ.Θ. 50818 Ταχ. Θεσσαλονίκης 22, Τ.Κ. 54014

PAN-MACEDONIAN ASSOCIATION - 64TH CONVENTION


http://www.panmacedonian.info/convention_prog_10.htm

64ο ΣΥΝΕΔΡΙΟ της ΠΑΜΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΚΗΣ - Σικάγο, 27-30 Μαϊου 2010

PAN-MACEDONIAN ASSOCIATION - 64TH CONVENTION PROGRAM
Four Points Sheraton - Chicago O'Hare, Chicago Illinois, May 27-30, 2010


Convention Program


Thursday May 27, 2010

6:00-9:00 pm: Registration

6:00-7:00 pm: Last Supreme Council meeting

7:00-9:00 pm: Dinner (on your own)


Friday May 28, 2010

9:00 am-5:00 pm: Registration

9:00 am: opening of Convention

Invocation – Convention Officers’ Election

10:00-1:00 a.m.: Convention Committee Chairs and member assignments

1:00-2:00 pm: Lunch Break (on your own)

2:00-5:00 pm: Convention Business-Governors and Chapter Presidents’ reports

7:00 pm: Macedonian Night-Dinner with soft light music and singing


Saturday May 29, 2010

8:00 am-5:00 pm: Registration (Last Day)

8:00-10:00 am: Committee Reports

10:00-11:00 am: Youth Report

11:00-12:00 noon: Elections of the Macedonian Studies Center

12:00-1:00 pm: Vote on Resolutions

1:00-2:00 pm: Lunch Break (on your own)

2:00-4:00 pm: Academic Symposium-Macedonian Issues and Goals:
Presentation by Ted Carpenter, Dr. Christos Karatzios and Marcus Templar

4:00-5:00 pm: President’s Report- Elections

7:00 pm: Grand Banquet-Greetings by Dignitaries


Sunday May 30, 2010

10:00 am: Church Services and Swearing in of the new Supreme Council

1:00 pm: Farewell Luncheon (on your own)

Monday, May 24, 2010

Писмо на меѓународна група од 200 академици до Барак Обама против Псевдомакедонизмот на БЈРМ


Преведено од Васко Глигоријевиќ.
English Original at:
http://macedonia-evidence.org/obama-letter-fyrom.html
ancient-scholars@macedonia-evidence.org

18 Maj 2009
Уважен Барак Обама,
Претседател, Соединети Американски Држави
Бела Куќа
1600 Авенија Пенсилванија NW
Вашингтон, ОК 20500

Ние, долупотпишаните професори на грчко-римската древност, учтиво побаруваме да интервенирате да се исчисти дел од историјскиот смет оставен во југоисточна Европа од претходната администрација на САД.

На Ноември 4ти 2004, два дена пред повторниот избор на Претседателот Џорџ В. Буш, неговата администрација унилатерално ја призна “Република Македонија“. Оваа акција не само што ги видоизмени географските и историјските факти, туку ослободи опасна епидемија на историјски ревизионизам, од кој најочебијните симптоми се присвојувањето од владата во Скопје на најпознатиот Македонец, Александар Велики.

Ние веруваме дека оваа глупост отиде предалеку и дека САД немаат работа да подржуваат субверзија на историјата. Ајде да ги прегледаме фактите. (Документацијата за овие факти [тука во дебели букви] може да се најде прикрепена и на: http://macedonia-evidence.org/documentation-fyrom.html).

Земјата за која станува збор, со Скопје како современ главен град, беше наречена Пајонија во древноста. Пл. Барнос и Орбелос (кои ги оформуваат денес северните меѓи на Грција) обезбедуваат природна бариера која ги одделувала и ги одделува Македонија од нејзиниот северен сосед. Единствена вистинска врска е преку реката Аксиос, Вардар и дури оваа долина не оформува линија на комуникација бидејќи е поделена со клисури.

Иако е точно дека Пајонците биле потчинети од Филип Втори, таткото на Александар, во 358 г. п.н.е., тие не беа Македонци и не живееа во Македонија. Исто така, на пример, Египтјаните, кои беа потчинети од Александар, беа владеени од Македонците, вклучително и од фамозната Клеопатра, но тие никогаш не беа самите Македонци, и Египет никогаш не бил нарекуван Македонија.

Попрво, Македонија и македонските Грци беа сместени за барем 2.500 години токму таму каде е современата грчка провинција Македонија. Точно истата релација е вистинска за Атика и атинските Грци, Аргос и аргоските Грци, Коринт и коринтските Грци, итн.

Ние не разбираме како современите жители на Пајонија, кои зборуваат словенски – јазик воведен на Балканот околу милениум по смртта на Александар – можат да го присвојуваат како нивен национален херој. Александар Велики бил целосно и неоспорно Грк. Неговиот пра-пра-прадедо, Александар Први, се натпреварувал на Олимписките игри каде учеството беше ограничено на Грци.

Дури пред Александар Први, Македонците го лоцираа своето потекло во Аргос, и многу од нивните кралеви ја користеа главата на Херакле – суштествениот грчки херој – на нивните монети.

Еврипид – кој умрел и бил погребан во Македонија – ја напиша својата пиеса Архелај во чест на прастрикото на Александар, и на грчки. Додека бил во Македонија, Еврипид исто ја напиша Бахаи, повторно на грчки. По презумпција, македонската публика можеше да разбере што напишал и тоа што го слушале.

Татко му на Александар, Филип, добил неколку коњанички победи во Олимпија и Делфи, двете најхеленски од сите светилишта во древна Грција каде на Негрците не им беше дозволено да се натпреваруваат. Уште позначајно, Филип беше назначен да ги раководи Питијските игри на Делфи во 346. г.п.н.е. Со други зборови, татко му на Александар Велики и неговите предци беа целосно Грци. Грчкиот беше јазик ползуван од Демостен и неговата делагација од Атина кога му упатија посети на Филип, исто така во 346 г.п.н.е. Уште еден северен Грк, Аристотел, отиде да студира за скоро 20 години во академијата на Платон. Аристотел последователно се вратил во Македонија и станал тутор на Александар Трети. Тие ползувале грчки во нивната училница која се уште може да се види близу Науса во Македонија.

Александар го носел со себе низ своите освојувања Аристотеловото издание на Хомеровата “Илијада“. Александар исто така ги ширел грчкиот јазик и култура низ неговата империја, основајќи градови и востанувајќи центри за учење. Оттаму натписи кои се однeсуваат на такви типични грчки институции како што е гимназиумот се наоѓаат дури во Афганистан. Сите тие се напишани на грчки.

Се поставува прашањето: зошто грчкиот беше lingua franca преку целата Александрова империја ако тој бил “Македонец“? Зошто беше Новиот Завет, на пример, напишан на грчки?

Одговорите се јасни: Александар Велики беше Грк, а не Словен, и Словените и нивниот јазик не беа никаде блиску до Александар или неговата татковина се до 1.000 години подоцна. Ова не носи назад до географската област позната во древноста како Пајонија. Зошто луѓето кои живеат таму се нарекуваат себеси Македонци и нивната земја Македонија? Зошто тие зграпчуваат целосно грчка фигура и прават од него нивен национален херој?

Древните Пајонци можеби биле или можеби не биле Грци, но тие секако станаа грковидни, и тие никогаш не биле Словени. Тие исто така не биле Македонци. Античка Пајонија била дел од Македонската Империја. Исто тоа беа Јонија и Сирија и Палестина и Египет и Месопотамија и Вавилон и многу други. Така, тие можеби станаа “македонски“ привремено но ниту една од нив не беше “Македонија“. Кражбата на Филип и Александар од земја која никогаш не била Македонија не може да биде оправдано.

Традициите на древна Пајонија можат да бидат усвоени од сегашните жители на тоа географско подрачје со значително оправдување. Но издолжувањето на географскиот термин “Македонија“ да ја покрие јужна Југославија не е можно. Дури во доцниот 19. век, оваа злоупотреба имплицирала нездрави територијални аспирации.

Истата мотивација се гледа во школски мапи кои ја покажуваат псевдо-голема Македонија, протегнувајќи се од Скопје до пл. Олимп и со ознаки на словенски. Истата мапа и нејзините тврдења се на календари, налепници, банкноти итн., кои циркулираат во новата држава постојано од кога таа ја прогласи својата независност од Југославија во 1991. Зошто сиромашна земја без излез на море прави таков историјски нонсенс? Зошто безобразно го исмејува и провоцира својот сосед?

Како год некој да сака да го карактеризира таквото однесување, тоа јасно не е сила за историјска точност ниту за стабилност на Балканот. Тажно е што Соединетите Американски Држави го помогнаа и охрабрија таквото однесување. Ве повикуваме вас, г-не Претседател, да помогнете – на било кој начин кој го сметате за соодветен – на владата во Скопје да разбере дека не може да изгради национален идентитет на трошок на историјската вистина. Нашето заедничко меѓународно општество не може да преживее кога историја е игнорирана, уште помалку кога историјата е фабрикувана.

Искрено,


Harry C. Avery, Professor of Classics, University of Pittsburgh (USA)
Dr. Dirk Backendorf. Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Mainz (Germany)
Elizabeth C. Banks, Associate Professor of Classics (ret.), University of Kansas (USA)
Luigi Beschi, professore emerito di Archeologia Classica, Università di Firenze (Italy)
Josine H. Blok, professor of Ancient History and Classical Civilization, Utrecht University (The Netherlands)
Alan Boegehold, Emeritus Professor of Classics, Brown University (USA)
Efrosyni Boutsikas, Lecturer of Classical Archaeology, University of Kent (UK)
Keith Bradley, Eli J. and Helen Shaheen Professor of Classics, Concurrent Professor of History, University of Notre Dame (USA)
Stanley M. Burstein, Professor Emeritus, California State University, Los Angeles (USA)
Francis Cairns, Professor of Classical Languages, The Florida State University (USA)
John McK. Camp II, Agora Excavations and Professor of Archaeology, ASCSA, Athens (Greece)
Paul Cartledge, A.G. Leventis Professor of Greek Culture, University of Cambridge (UK)
Paavo Castrén, Professor of Classical Philology Emeritus, University of Helsinki (Finland)
William Cavanagh, Professor of Aegean Prehistory, University of Nottingham (UK)
Angelos Chaniotis, Professor, Senior Research Fellow, All Souls College, Oxford (UK)
Paul Christesen, Professor of Ancient Greek History, Dartmouth College (USA)
Ada Cohen, Associate Professor of Art History, Dartmouth College (USA)
Randall M. Colaizzi, Lecturer in Classical Studies, University of Massachusetts-Boston (USA)
Kathleen M. Coleman, Professor of Latin, Harvard University (USA)
Michael B. Cosmopoulos, Ph.D., Professor and Endowed Chair in Greek Archaeology, University of Missouri-St. Louis (USA)
Kevin F. Daly, Assistant Professor of Classics, Bucknell University (USA)
Wolfgang Decker, Professor emeritus of sport history, Deutsche Sporthochschule, Köln (Germany)
Luc Deitz, Ausserplanmässiger Professor of Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin, University of Trier (Germany), and Curator of manuscripts and rare books, National Library of Luxembourg (Luxembourg)
Michael Dewar, Professor of Classics, University of Toronto (Canada)
John D. Dillery, Associate Professor of Classics, University of Virginia (USA)
Sheila Dillon, Associate Professor, Depts. of Art, Art History & Visual Studies and Classical Studies, Duke University (USA)
Douglas Domingo-Forasté, Professor of Classics, California State University, Long Beach (USA)
Pierre Ducrey, professeur honoraire, Université de Lausanne (Switzerland)
Roger Dunkle, Professor of Classics Emeritus, Brooklyn College, City University of New York (USA)
Michael M. Eisman, Associate Professor Ancient History and Classical Archaeology, Department of History, Temple University (USA)
Mostafa El-Abbadi, Professor Emeritus, University of Alexandria (Egypt)
R. Malcolm Errington, Professor für Alte Geschichte (Emeritus) Philipps-Universität, Marburg (Germany)
Panagiotis Faklaris, Assistant Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Denis Feeney, Giger Professor of Latin, Princeton University (USA)
Elizabeth A. Fisher, Professor of Classics and Art History, Randolph-Macon College (USA)
Nick Fisher, Professor of Ancient History, Cardiff University (UK)
R. Leon Fitts, Asbury J Clarke Professor of Classical Studies, Emeritus, FSA, Scot., Dickinson Colllege (USA)
John M. Fossey FRSC, FSA, Emeritus Professor of Art History (and Archaeology), McGill Univertsity, Montreal, and Curator of Archaeology, Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Canada)
Robin Lane Fox, University Reader in Ancient History, New College, Oxford (UK)
Rainer Friedrich, Professor of Classics Emeritus, Dalhousie University, Halifax, N.S. (Canada)
Heide Froning, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Marburg (Germany)
Peter Funke, Professor of Ancient History, University of Muenster (Germany)
Traianos Gagos, Professor of Greek and Papyrology, University of Michigan (USA)
Robert Garland, Roy D. and Margaret B. Wooster Professor of the Classics, Colgate University, Hamilton NY (USA)
Douglas E. Gerber, Professor Emeritus of Classical Studies, University of Western Ontario (Canada)
Hans R. Goette, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Giessen (Germany); German Archaeological Institute, Berlin (Germany)
Sander M. Goldberg, Professor of Classics, UCLA (USA)
Erich S. Gruen, Gladys Rehard Wood Professor of History and Classics, Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Christian Habicht, Professor of Ancient History, Emeritus, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton (USA)
Donald C. Haggis, Nicholas A. Cassas Term Professor of Greek Studies, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)
Judith P. Hallett, Professor of Classics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD (USA)
Prof. Paul B. Harvey, Jr. Head, Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, The Pennsylvania State University (USA)
Eleni Hasaki, Associate Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Arizona (USA)
Miltiades B. Hatzopoulos, Director, Research Centre for Greek and Roman Antiquity, National Research Foundation, Athens (Greece)
Wolf-Dieter Heilmeyer, Prof. Dr., Freie Universität Berlin und Antikensammlung der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin (Germany)
Steven W. Hirsch, Associate Professor of Classics and History, Tufts University (USA)
Karl-J. Hölkeskamp, Professor of Ancient History, University of Cologne (Germany)
Frank L. Holt, Professor of Ancient History, University of Houston (USA)
Dan Hooley, Professor of Classics, University of Missouri (USA)
Meredith C. Hoppin, Gagliardi Professor of Classical Languages, Williams College, Williamstown, MA (USA)
Caroline M. Houser, Professor of Art History Emerita, Smith College (USA) and Affiliated Professor, University of Washington (USA)
Georgia Kafka, Visiting Professor of Modern Greek Language, Literature and History, University of New Brunswick (Canada)
Anthony Kaldellis, Professor of Greek and Latin, The Ohio State University (USA)
Andromache Karanika, Assistant Professor of Classics, University of California, Irvine (USA)
Robert A. Kaster, Professor of Classics and Kennedy Foundation Professor of Latin, Princeton University (USA)
Vassiliki Kekela, Adjunct Professor of Greek Studies, Classics Department, Hunter College, City University of New York (USA)
Dietmar Kienast, Professor Emeritus of Ancient History, University of Duesseldorf (Germany)
Karl Kilinski II, University Distinguished Teaching Professor, Southern Methodist University (USA)
Dr. Florian Knauss, associate director, Staatliche Antikensammlungen und Glyptothek Muenchen (Germany)
Denis Knoepfler, Professor of Greek Epigraphy and History, Collège de France (Paris)
Ortwin Knorr, Associate Professor of Classics, Willamette University (USA)
Robert B. Koehl, Professor of Archaeology, Department of Classical and Oriental Studies Hunter College, City University of New York (USA)
Georgia Kokkorou-Alevras, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Athens (Greece)
Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow, Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Classical Studies, Brandeis University (USA)
Eric J. Kondratieff, Assistant Professor of Classics and Ancient History, Department of Greek & Roman Classics, Temple University
Haritini Kotsidu, Apl. Prof. Dr. für Klassische Archäologie, Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt/M. (Germany)
Lambrini Koutoussaki, Dr., Lecturer of Classical Archaeology, University of Zürich (Switzerland)
David Kovacs, Hugh H. Obear Professor of Classics, University of Virginia (USA)
Peter Krentz, W. R. Grey Professor of Classics and History, Davidson College (USA)
Friedrich Krinzinger, Professor of Classical Archaeology Emeritus, University of Vienna (Austria)
Michael Kumpf, Professor of Classics, Valparaiso University (USA)
Donald G. Kyle, Professor of History, University of Texas at Arlington (USA)
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Helmut Kyrieleis, former president of the German Archaeological Institute, Berlin (Germany)
Gerald V. Lalonde, Benedict Professor of Classics, Grinnell College (USA)
Steven Lattimore, Professor Emeritus of Classics, University of California, Los Angeles (USA)
Francis M. Lazarus, President, University of Dallas (USA)
Mary R. Lefkowitz, Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities, Emerita, Wellesley College (USA)
Iphigeneia Leventi, Assistant Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Thessaly (Greece)
Daniel B. Levine, Professor of Classical Studies, University of Arkansas (USA)
Christina Leypold, Dr. phil., Archaeological Institute, University of Zurich (Switzerland)
Vayos Liapis, Associate Professor of Greek, Centre d’Études Classiques & Département de Philosophie, Université de Montréal (Canada)
Hugh Lloyd-Jones, Professor of Greek Emeritus, University of Oxford (UK)
Yannis Lolos, Assistant Professor, History, Archaeology, and Anthropology, University of Thessaly (Greece)
Stanley Lombardo, Professor of Classics, University of Kansas, USA
Anthony Long, Professor of Classics and Irving G. Stone Professor of Literature, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Julia Lougovaya, Assistant Professor, Department of Classics, Columbia University (USA)
A.D. Macro, Hobart Professor of Classical Languages emeritus, Trinity College (USA)
John Magee, Professor, Department of Classics, Director, Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto (Canada)
Dr. Christofilis Maggidis, Associate Professor of Archaeology, Dickinson College (USA)
Jeannette Marchand, Assistant Professor of Classics, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio (USA)
Richard P. Martin, Antony and Isabelle Raubitschek Professor in Classics, Stanford University
Maria Mavroudi, Professor of Byzantine History, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Alexander Mazarakis Ainian, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Thessaly (Greece)
James R. McCredie, Sherman Fairchild Professor emeritus; Director, Excavations in Samothrace Institute of Fine Arts, New York University (USA)
James C. McKeown, Professor of Classics, University of Wisconsin-Madison (USA)
Robert A. Mechikoff, Professor and Life Member of the International Society of Olympic Historians, San Diego State University (USA)
Andreas Mehl, Professor of Ancient History, Universitaet Halle-Wittenberg (Germany)
Harald Mielsch, Professor of Classical Archeology, University of Bonn (Germany)
Stephen G. Miller, Professor of Classical Archaeology Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Phillip Mitsis, A.S. Onassis Professor of Classics and Philosophy, New York University (USA)
Peter Franz Mittag, Professor für Alte Geschichte, Universität zu Köln (Germany)
David Gordon Mitten, James Loeb Professor of Classical Art and Archaeology, Harvard University (USA)
Margaret S. Mook, Associate Professor of Classical Studies, Iowa State University (USA)
Anatole Mori, Associate Professor of Classical Studies, University of Missouri- Columbia (USA)
Jennifer Sheridan Moss, Associate Professor, Wayne State University (USA)
Ioannis Mylonopoulos, Assistant Professor of Greek Art History and Archaeology, Columbia University, New York (USA).
Richard Neudecker, PD of Classical Archaeology, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Rom (Italy)
James M.L. Newhard, Associate Professor of Classics, College of Charleston (USA)
Carole E. Newlands, Professor of Classics, University of Wisconsin, Madison (USA)
John Maxwell O'Brien, Professor of History, Queens College, City University of New York (USA)
James J. O'Hara, Paddison Professor of Latin, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (USA)
Martin Ostwald, Professor of Classics (ret.), Swarthmore College and Professor of Classical Studies (ret.), University of Pennsylvania (USA)
Olga Palagia, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Athens (Greece)
Vassiliki Panoussi, Associate Professor of Classical Studies, The College of William and Mary (USA)
Maria C. Pantelia, Professor of Classics, University of California, Irvine (USA)
Pantos A.Pantos, Adjunct Faculty, Department of History, Archaeology and Social Anthropology, University of Thessaly (Greece)
Anthony J. Papalas, Professor of Ancient History, East Carolina University (USA)
Nassos Papalexandrou, Associate Professor, The University of Texas at Austin (USA)
Polyvia Parara, Visiting Assistant Professor of Greek Language and Civilization, Department of Classics, Georgetown University (USA)
Richard W. Parker, Associate Professor of Classics, Brock University (Canada)
Robert Parker, Wykeham Professor of Ancient History, New College, Oxford (UK)
Anastasia-Erasmia Peponi, Associate Professor of Classics, Stanford University (USA)
Jacques Perreault, Professor of Greek archaeology, Université de Montréal, Québec (Canada)
Yanis Pikoulas, Associate Professor of Ancient Greek History, University of Thessaly (Greece)
John Pollini, Professor of Classical Art & Archaeology, University of Southern California (USA)
David Potter, Arthur F. Thurnau Professor of Greek and Latin. The University of Michigan (USA)
Robert L. Pounder, Professor Emeritus of Classics, Vassar College (USA)
Nikolaos Poulopoulos, Assistant Professor in History and Chair in Modern Greek Studies, McGill University (Canada)
William H. Race, George L. Paddison Professor of Classics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)
John T. Ramsey, Professor of Classics, University of Illinois at Chicago (USA)
Karl Reber, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Lausanne (Switzerland)
Rush Rehm, Professor of Classics and Drama, Stanford University (USA)
Werner Riess, Associate Professor of Classics, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)
Robert H. Rivkin, Ancient Studies Department, University of Maryland Baltimore County (USA)
Barbara Saylor Rodgers, Professor of Classics, The University of Vermont (USA)
Robert H. Rodgers. Lyman-Roberts Professor of Classical Languages and Literature, University of Vermont (USA)
Nathan Rosenstein, Professor of Ancient History, The Ohio State University (USA)
John C. Rouman, Professor Emeritus of Classics, University of New Hampshire, (USA)
Dr. James Roy, Reader in Greek History (retired), University of Nottingham (UK)
Steven H. Rutledge, Associate Professor of Classics, Department of Classics, University of Maryland, College Park (USA)
Christina A. Salowey, Associate Professor of Classics, Hollins University (USA)
Guy D. R. Sanders, Resident Director of Corinth Excavations, The American School of Classical Studies at Athens (Greece)
Theodore Scaltsas, Professor of Ancient Greek Philosophy, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Thomas F. Scanlon, Professor of Classics, University of California, Riverside (USA)
Bernhard Schmaltz, Prof. Dr. Archäologisches Institut der CAU, Kiel (Germany)
Rolf M. Schneider, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Ludwig-Maximilians- Universität München (Germany)
Peter Scholz, Professor of Ancient History and Culture, University of Stuttgart (Germany)
Christof Schuler, director, Commission for Ancient History and Epigraphy of the German Archaeological Institute, Munich (Germany)
Paul D. Scotton, Assoociate Professor Classical Archaeology and Classics, California State University Long Beach (USA)
Danuta Shanzer, Professor of Classics and Medieval Studies, The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Fellow of the Medieval Academy of America (USA)
James P. Sickinger, Associate Professor of Classics, Florida State University (USA)
Marilyn B. Skinner 
Professor of Classics, 
University of Arizona (USA)
Niall W. Slater, Samuel Candler Dobbs Professor of Latin and Greek, Emory University (USA)
Peter M. Smith, Associate Professor of Classics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)
Dr. Philip J. Smith, Research Associate in Classical Studies, McGill University (Canada)
Susan Kirkpatrick Smith Assistant Professor of Anthropology Kennesaw State University (USA)
Antony Snodgrass, Professor Emeritus of Classical Archaeology, University of Cambridge (UK)
Theodosia Stefanidou-Tiveriou, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece).
Andrew Stewart, Nicholas C. Petris Professor of Greek Studies, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Oliver Stoll, Univ.-Prof. Dr., Alte Geschichte/ Ancient History,Universität Passau (Germany)
Richard Stoneman, Honorary Fellow, University of Exeter (England)
Ronald Stroud, Klio Distinguished Professor of Classical Languages and Literature Emeritus, University of California, Berkeley (USA)
Sarah Culpepper Stroup, Associate Professor of Classics, University of Washington (USA)
Nancy Sultan, Professor and Director, Greek & Roman Studies, Illinois Wesleyan University (USA)
David W. Tandy, Professor of Classics, University of Tennessee (USA)
James Tatum, Aaron Lawrence Professor of Classics, Dartmouth College
Martha C. Taylor, Associate Professor of Classics, Loyola College in Maryland
Petros Themelis, Professor Emeritus of Classical Archaeology, Athens (Greece)
Eberhard Thomas, Priv.-Doz. Dr.,Archäologisches Institut der Universität zu Köln (Germany)
Michalis Tiverios, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Michael K. Toumazou, Professor of Classics, Davidson College (USA)
Stephen V. Tracy, Professor of Greek and Latin Emeritus, Ohio State University (USA)
Prof. Dr. Erich Trapp, Austrian Academy of Sciences/Vienna resp. University of Bonn (Germany)
Stephen M. Trzaskoma, Associate Professor of Classics, University of New Hampshire (USA)
Vasiliki Tsamakda, Professor of Christian Archaeology and Byzantine History of Art, University of Mainz (Germany)
Christopher Tuplin, Professor of Ancient History, University of Liverpool (UK)
Gretchen Umholtz, Lecturer, Classics and Art History, University of Massachusetts, Boston (USA)
Panos Valavanis, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Athens (Greece)
Athanassios Vergados, Visiting Assistant Professor of Classics, Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, PA
Christina Vester, Assistant Professor of Classics, University of Waterloo (Canada)
Emmanuel Voutiras, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Speros Vryonis, Jr., Alexander S. Onassis Professor (Emeritus) of Hellenic Civilization and Culture, New York University (USA)
Michael B. Walbank, Professor Emeritus of Greek, Latin & Ancient History, The University of Calgary (Canada)
Bonna D. Wescoat, Associate Professor, Art History and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, Emory University (USA)
E. Hector Williams, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of British Columbia (Canada)
Roger J. A. Wilson, Professor of the Archaeology of the Roman Empire, and Director, Centre for the Study of Ancient Sicily, University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Canada)
Engelbert Winter, Professor for Ancient History, University of Münster (Germany)
Timothy F. Winters, Ph.D. Alumni Assn. Distinguished Professor of Classics, Austin Peay State University (USA)
Ian Worthington, Frederick A. Middlebush Professor of History, University of Missouri-Columbia (USA)
Michael Zahrnt, Professor für Alte Geschichte, Universität zu Köln (Germany)
Paul Zanker, Professor Emeritus of Classical Studies, University of Munich (Germany)


201 signatures as of May 18th 2009.
For the growing list of scholars, please go to the Addenda.

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cc:
J. Biden, Vice President, USA
H. Clinton, Secretary of State USA
P. Gordon, Asst. Secretary-designate, European and Eurasian Affairs
H.L Berman, Chair, House Committee on Foreign Affairs
I. Ros-Lehtinen, Ranking Member, House Committee on Foreign Affairs
J. Kerry, Chair, Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
R.G. Lugar, Ranking Member, Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
R. Mendenez, United States Senator from New Jersey.

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Addenda

12 Scholars added on May 19th 2009:
Mariana Anagnostopoulos, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, California State University, Fresno (USA)
John P. Anton, Distinguished Professor of Greek Philosophy and Culture University of South Florida (USA)
Effie F. Athanassopoulos, Associate Professor 
Anthropology and Classics, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (USA)
Leonidas Bargeliotes, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Athens, President of the Olympic Center for Philosophy and Culture (Greece)
Joseph W. Day, Professor of Classics, Wabash College (USA)
Christos C. Evangeliou, Professor of Ancient Hellenic Philosophy, Towson University, Maryland, Honorary President of International Association for Greek Philosophy (USA)
Eleni Kalokairinou, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Secretary of the Olympic Center of Philosophy and Culture (Cyprus)
Lilian Karali, Professor of Prehistoric and Environmental Archaeology, University of Athens (Greece)
Anna Marmodoro, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Oxford (UK)
Marion Meyer, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Vienna (Austria)
Jessica L. Nitschke, Assistant Professor of Classics, Georgetown University (USA)
David C.Young, Professor of Classics Emeritus, University of Florida (USA)

10 Scholars added on May 20th 2009:
Maria Ypsilanti, Assistant Professor of Ancient Greek Literature, University of Cyprus
Christos Panayides, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Nicosia (Cyprus)
Anagnostis P. Agelarakis, Professor of Anthropology, Adelphi University (USA)
Dr. Irma Wehgartner, Curator of the Martin von Wagner Museum der Universität Würzburg (Germany)
Dr. Ioannis Georganas, Researcher, Department of History and Archaeology, Foundation of the Hellenic World (Greece)
Maria Papaioannou, Assistant Professor in Classical Archaeology, University of New Brunswick (Canada)
Chryssa Maltezou, Professor emeritus, University of Athens, Director of the Hellenic Institute of Byzantine and Postbyzantine Studies in Venice (Italy)
Myrto Dragona-Monachou, Professor emerita of Philosophy, University of Athens (Greece)
David L. Berkey, Assistant Professor of History, California State University, Fresno (USA)
Stephan Heilen, Associate Professor of Classics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA)

3 Scholars added on May 21st 2009:
Rosalia Hatzilambrou, Researcher, Academy of Athens (Greece)
Athanasios Sideris, Ph.D., Head of the History and Archaeology Department, Foundation of the Hellenic World, Athens (Greece)
Rev. Dr. Demetrios J Constantelos, Charles Cooper Townsend Professor of Ancient and Byzantine history, Emeritus; Distinguished Research Scholar in Residence at the Richard Stockton College of New Jersey (USA)

3 Scholars added on May 22nd 2009:
Ioannis M. Akamatis, Professor of Classical Archaeology, University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Lefteris Platon, Assistant Professor of Archaeology, University of Athens (Greece)
Lucia Athanassaki, Associate Professor of Classical Philology, University of Crete (Greece)

5 Scholars added on May 23rd 2009:
Georgios Anagnostopoulos, Professor of Philosophy, University of California-San Diego (USA)
Ioannes G. Leontiades, Assistant Professor of Byzantine History, Aristotle University of Thessalonike (Greece)
Ewen Bowie, Emeritus Fellow, Corpus Christi College, Oxford (UK)
Mika Kajava, Professor of Greek Language and Literature; Head of the Department of Classical Studies, University of Helsinki (Finland)
Christian R. Raschle, Assistant Professor of Roman History, Centre d’Études Classiques & Département d'Histoire, Université de Montréal (Canada)

4 Scholars added on May 25th 2009:
Selene Psoma, Senior Lecturer of Ancient History, University of Athens (Greece)
G. M. Sifakis, Professor Emeritus of Classics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki & New York University (Greece & USA)
Kostas Buraselis, Professor of Ancient History, University of Athens (Greece)
Michael Ferejohn, Associate Professor of Ancient Philosophy, Duke University (USA)

5 Scholars added on May 26th 2009:
Ioannis Xydopoulos, Assistant Professor in Ancient History, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Stella Drougou, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Heather L. Reid, Professor of Philosophy, Morningside College (USA)
Thomas A. Suits, Emeritus Professor of Classical Languages, University of Connecticut (USA)
Dr Thomas Johansen, Reader in Ancient Philosophy, University of Oxford (UK)

6 Scholars added on May 27th 2009:
Frösén Jaakko, Professor of Greek philology, University of Helsinki (Finland)
John F. Kenfield, Associate Professor, Department of Art History, Rutgers University (USA)
Dr. Aristotle Michopoulos, Professor & Chair, Greek Studies Dept., Hellenic College (Brookline, MA, USA)
Guy MacLean Rogers, Kemper Professor of Classics and History, Wellesley College (USA)
Stavros Frangoulidis, Associate Professor of Latin. Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
Yannis Tzifopoulos, Associate Professor of Ancient Greek and Epigraphy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)

1 Scholar added on May 29th 2009:
Christos Simelidis, British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow, Lincoln College, University of Oxford (UK)

3 Scholars added on June 2nd 2009:
Dr. Peter Grossmann, Member emeritus, German Archaeological Institute, Cairo (Egypt)
Eleni Papaefthymiou, Curator of the Numismatic Collection of the Foundation of the Hellenic World (Greece)
Evangeline Markou, Adjunct Lecturer in Greek History, Open University of Cyprus (Cyprus)

2 Scholars added on June 3rd 2009:
Aliki Moustaka, Professor of Classical Archaeology, Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
François de Callataÿ, Professor of Monetary and Financial history of the Greek world, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (Paris/Sorbonne) and Professor of Financial history of the Greco-Roman world, Université libre de Bruxelles (France and Brussels)